Welcome to the Community Archives of Belleville and Hastings County

The Community Archives of Belleville and Hastings County preserves the history of our community through the records of local governments, individuals, families, businesses and organizations. Find us in the Belleville Public Library building at 254 Pinnacle Street, Belleville, Ontario.

The archives is open Monday to Thursday, 9.30am to 12pm and 1pm to 4pm and on Friday and Saturday by appointment.

Archives News

Fire Insurance Maps online

The fire insurance maps produced in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries are a valuable resource for researching the history of settlements and buildings. They show all the structures in a locality and are [...]

Belleville in World War I

Follow the citizens of Belleville and Hastings County as they face the challenges of the home front during the First World War through excerpts from The Daily Intelligencer, August 1914 to November 1918.

100 Years Ago: Eating Places Now Regulated, Recruiting for Royal Flying Corps

The Intelligencer August 16, 1917 (page 1)

“Eating Places Are Regulated. Ottawa. An extra issue of the Canada Gazette bringing into effect the order in council regulating eating places was published yesterday:

The order in Council, passed at the request of the Food Controller, prohibits the serving of beef and bacon on Tuesdays and Fridays, and at more than one meal on any other day. Substitutes, such as corn bread, oat cakes, potatoes, etc., must be provided at every meal at which white bread is served. The use of wheat in the distillation or manufacture of alcohol is prohibited, except for manufacturing or munitions purposes, and then only after obtaining a license from the Food Controller.

Heavy penalties are provided for violation of the regulations. Proprietors, managers and employees of public eating places are liable upon summary conviction for the first offence to a penalty not exceeding five hundred dollars and not less than one hundred dollars, or to imprisonment for any term not exceeding three months, or to both fine and imprisonment.

Any person violating any of the provisions regulating the use or distillation or manufacture of alcohol is liable upon summary conviction to a penalty not exceeding five thousand dollars.

The regulations go into effect with the gazetting of the order in Council to-day. Copies of the order can be secured from the Food Controller’s office.”

The Intelligencer August 16, 1917 (page 6)

“Golden Opportunity For Young Canadians to Join Royal Flying Corps. Mr. F. C. Ritchie, secretary of the Aero Club of Canada, is in Belleville today, his mission being to secure the formation and inaugurate the activities of a local committee to assist the club’s work in the Belleville district.

The Aero Club has been formed and is operating in conjunction with the Royal Flying Corps to assist in recruiting its ranks. …  This is now the senior and best branch of the service, and the education derived will, doubtless, be of greatest advantage after the war. It is now possible for any deserving young man possessing the right qualifications to go through without expense to himself. …

A local committee was formed and young men interested in the aviation service can get all information and application forms from Mr. A. R. Walker, Public Library.”

100 Years Ago: Hill 70 Captured by British and Canadians, Meatless Day But No Fines, Frankford Workers Harvest on Wednesday Half-Holidays, Free Lessons in Cooking and Preserving

The Intelligencer August 15, 1917 (page 1)

“Hill 70 Captured by the Canadians. The British pushed their lines into the northwestern environs of Lens in a semi-circle around the eastern side of Hill 70. …  Hill 70 itself, which dominates Lens and the Loos salient, was captured by the Canadians. …

The capture of Hill 70 ranks in importance with the biggest military operations this year. It was the last dominating position in this section which remained in the hands of the Germans and from it a wide territory can be controlled.”

The Intelligencer August 15, 1917 (page 1)

“Meatless Day But No Fines. Ottawa. Yesterday was the first meatless Tuesday in Canada under the terms of the Order-in-Council promulgated last week by the Government at the request of Hon. W. J. Hanna, Food Controller.

The hotels and public eating places at the Capital, including the Parliamentary restaurant, declined to serve beef or bacon when it was asked for, and the same rule will apply to Friday.

Any failure this week to comply with the new regulations will not subject the offenders to the penalties provided because of the fact that the regulations have not yet appeared in the Canada Gazette. They will be printed in the Saturday issue, however, and subsequent to that date the penalties will go into effect. It is expected that there will be a general voluntary compliance with the regulations this week.”

The Intelligencer August 15, 1917 (page 4)

“The Frankford Way. The citizens of Frankford have set an example which may well be copied by other communities, large and small. The Wednesday half-holidays, when all the stores close, is one of the most popular features of life in Frankford, as in many other places. Wednesday is naturally the favored day for picnics and similar outings, but it remained for the business men of Frankford to set the pace for the rest of Canada with an entirely new form of outing containing every needed feature of delightful novelty, exercise, and usefulness.

The business men of Frankford got together and decided to give production a boost, so a general invitation was issued to spend a Wednesday afternoon in the harvest fields helping the hard-pressed farmers. The response was hearty and generous and a fleet of motor cars conveyed the willing workers to the fields where their services were gladly utilized by the farmers. …  It is worthy of note that the men of Frankford refused pay for their services and even refused to be fed on the farms, bringing their huge appetites home with them. …

The idea should be taken up by patriotic production organizations—many people are ready and eager to answer the call, only waiting for a lead. Get busy!”

The Intelligencer August 15, 1917 (page 5)

“Free Lessons in Cooking and Preserving. In the spring of the year citizens were all asked to plant, so that there would be extra production of vegetables, fruit, etc. Now all are asked to can and preserve these vegetables and fruits, so that nothing will be wasted. In order to do this in the most thorough and best methods, the Department of Agriculture is sending skilled demonstrators throughout the Province.

Miss Williams of Toronto is in Belleville at present, and is demonstrating the latest, simplest and best ways of canning and preserving and drying all kinds of vegetables and fruits. …  Two demonstrations were given in the City Hall yesterday, namely afternoon and evening, and many ladies were in attendance and were profited by the experienced demonstrations. Miss Williams will remain in Belleville until tomorrow night, giving demonstrations this evening, tomorrow afternoon and evening.”

100 Years Ago: Walter Morris Wounded, Soldiers and Nurses Will Have Vote, Liquor Advertising Controlled, Prevention of Food and Vegetable Waste

The Intelligencer August 14, 1917 (page 1)

“Wounded in Action. Mr. Thomas Morris of this city, is in receipt of the following telegram, which explains itself. Ottawa, Ont., Aug. 11, 1917. Thomas Morris, 94 Station Street, Belleville. Sincerely regret to inform you 636563 Private Walter Morris, infantry, officially reported admitted to No. 10 Field Ambulance, July 29, 1917. Concussion. Will send further particulars when received. Director of Records.

Private Morris left Bellevilled with the 155th Battalion. Previous to enlisting he was employed at the G. T. R. shops.”

The Intelligencer August 14, 1917 (page 1)

“Soldiers and Nurses Will Have a Vote. Hon. C. G. Doherty, Minister of Justice yesterday introduced a bill entitled ‘The Military Voters Act of 1917.’ …  A change was to be made in the qualification for military voting. It was proposed to extend the vote not only to men of age, but to men under 21 who were overseas.

It was also proposed that not only should men in the Canadian forces vote, but men who had enrolled in Canada and who were now in the Imperial units. This applied particularly to the aviation corps and naval units.

It was also proposed to do away with any distinction  of sex among those engaged in active service; nurses would be included. The fact that a soldier might be an Indian, moreover, would not prevent him from voting. …

The bill, said Mr. Doherty, provided for complete machinery overseas to take the vote. As though an election were actually being conducted there.”

The Intelligencer August 14, 1917 (page 3)

“Ontario Can Be ‘Bone Dry.’ Ottawa. Ontario and other prohibition Provinces get the right, through their Legislatures, to put the ban upon the liquor advertising. The mails are denied to circulars and letters soliciting orders for liquors. The publication of liquor advertisements within those Provinces may be made a punishable offence, moreover—which is the most radical provision—any prohibition Province may prohibit the entrance of any newspaper, published outside its territory, which contains liquor advertising.

The new ‘temperance bill’ making these provisions went through committee and received its third reading in the House on Saturday. …  The bill goes to the Senate on Tuesday.”

The Intelligencer August 14, 1917 (page 3)

“Learn How to Prevent Waste. The Educational Bureau of the Food Controller’s Office, issues the following bulletin which contains much useful information:

There is bound to be a great waste of fruit and vegetables this season unless people are forewarned in time. In the towns and cities where backyard garden movement was most successful, the danger of waste is most imminent.

Early in the spring Canadian city folk betook themselves to the backyard with hoe and spade to convert that ‘Slacker’ into a back garden. Their faithful work is bringing results in fine crops of fruit and vegetables. But the problem of taking care of those crops before they spoil is now pressing for solution.

The Food Controller has said that Waste and Defeat are synonymous at the present time, and surely this end of the fight rests on the shoulders of the women. Every bean and pea, every ear of corn, every berry, and every other ripe fruit and vegetable gazes reproachfully from the new gardens and demands to be popped into some place where it can stand in line and do its bit.

Unlike their sisters in the country, who harvest their garden crops in boxes and bottles against the long winter months, city women have not been trained to store vegetables and fruits. …  Those who are interested in food conservation and methods of canning, preserving, drying and storing should write for information to G. A. Putnam, Esq., B.S.A., Superintendent of Institutes, Department of Agriculture, Toronto, Ont.”

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