Welcome to the Community Archives of Belleville and Hastings County

The Community Archives of Belleville and Hastings County preserves the history of our community through the records of local governments, individuals, families, businesses and organizations. Find us in the Belleville Public Library building at 254 Pinnacle Street, Belleville, Ontario.

The archives is open Monday to Thursday, 9.30am to 12pm and 1pm to 4pm and on Friday and Saturday by appointment.

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Belleville in World War I

Follow the citizens of Belleville and Hastings County as they face the challenges of the home front during the First World War through excerpts from The Daily Intelligencer, August 1914 to November 1918.

100 Years Ago: Canadian Women to Get Franchise, More Recruits for Depot Battalion

The Intelligencer February 19, 1918 (page 1)

“Women of Canada Get the Franchise. Ottawa. Universal women’s franchise in the Dominion is assured. Whether it will be enacted next session or not makes little difference.

Before the next election comes every woman in Canada who possesses the qualification in age, residence, etc., necessary for the present male franchise will obtain the vote. The assurance that the entry of women into the industrial arena would be protected by according them equal political rights with men was, it is stated, given to the Labor delegation which met here some days ago, and the results of whose deliberations with the Government on purely Labor matters was made public this morning.

About a million and a half new voters will be added to the Canadian franchise lists before another polling day is set in Ottawa.”

The Intelligencer February 19, 1918 (page 2)

“More Recruits Arrive. Thirty-five new recruits from Kingston came to Belleville last evening to be attached to the depot battalion which is being formed here. Others are expected to arrive here in the near future. At present there is 60 here including three officers.”

100 Years Ago: Officers Commemorate Arrival Three Years Ago, Dr. Capt. McCulloch Home

The Intelligencer February 18, 1918 (page 1)

“Canadians Celebrate Third Anniversary at the Front. Canadian Army Headquarters in France. Friday night more than one hundred officers of the original First Expeditionary Force who landed in France in the middle of February, 1915, met at dinner to commemorate their arrival three years ago. …

Late Friday morning Canadian Headquarters was the scene of a pleasing ceremony, in which Belgium, honoring the Canadian Corps, gave a striking appreciation of Canadian service at Passchendaele and in other historic combats in the salient. Fourteen Canadian officers were decorated by Gen. Sir H. S. Horne, commanding the First Army, with the Belgian Croix de Guerre. The same decoration has been awarded to six other officers and 187 non-commissioned officers and men.”

The Intelligencer February 18, 1918 (page 5)

“Capt. Dr. R. J. P. McCulloch of this city, who left here in July, 1915, for overseas service arrived home yesterday. He gave up his practice here and enlisted as specialist, since which time he has been engaged in hospital work devoting his skill as a specialist in ear, eye and throat work to the welfare of the soldiers. His many friends in Belleville heartily welcome him home again.”

Nurses of World War I: Olive Marie Campbell

Olive Marie Campbell was born in Cannifton on May 7, 1890 daughter of John Campbell, a cattle merchant and butcher, and Margaret Mather.
She received her primary education in Belleville and was a graduate of the Nursing School at the Hospital for Sick Children in 1914; she took the first place scholarship at graduation for general proficiency. Listing her residence as 173 Bridge Street, Belleville, Miss Campbell enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on November 19, 1917 in Kingston.

173 Bridge Street East, Belleville

Height: 5’ 5”
Weight: 126lb
Stated age: 26 (actual: 27)

Nursing Sister Campbell served at the Granville Canadian Special Hospital in Buxton, England but resigned her commission on May 20, 1918 and was soon united in marriage to Dr. Percival Keith Menzies; she set sail in December 1918 aboard the S.S. Olympic. Dr. Menzies was a native of Ontario, a graduate of the University of Toronto Medical School in 1910, and served in World War I as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps. The couple settled in Syracuse, N.Y. where he practiced general surgery and was later professor emeritus of surgery at the Upstate Medical Center and the former Syracuse University College of Medicine. They had two sons.

Olive Marie Menzies died on January 23, 1989 aged 98 years 8 months 16 days. She is interred at the Oakwood Cemetery in Syracuse Section B, Lot 56.

Olive Campbell Menzies headstone

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