100 Years Ago: Sanitation in War, Separation Allowances

The Intelligencer February 27, 1915 (page 1)

” ‘Sanitation in War’ at Canadian Club by Prominent Physician. There was a slim attendance at the Canadian Club supper last night, which was fortunately increased by a considerable number of members dropping in after the supper to hear the address, including a delegation of officers from the local recruiting regiments.

The president, Mr. J.L. Hess, presided with his usual grace and introduced the speaker of the evening, Dr. McCullough, in a short but happily worded address. Dr. McCullough …  outlined the medical examination of a great body of recruits for active service, and told of the thoroughness needed to ensure a sound army both physically and mentally. He opined that too little attention was paid by the medical examiners during the formation of the First Contingent. This resulted in large waste of time, money and energy, all of which has been happily remedied in the gathering of the second and third contingents for Canada’s overseas forces.

The speaker spoke of the care necessary to keep the enlisted soldiers in A1 health while on active service. He must have good substantial clothing, special attention being given to his socks and shoes. Cleanliness is a sine qua non for an efficient soldier. He should bathe his feet daily and powder his socks. …  Cerebro-spinal meningitis was explained and also the methods of its eradication and prevention. …

In concluding his address the speaker paid a tribute to the Canadian soldiers, to the medical and hospital corps at the front, to the societies like the Red Cross, St. John’s Ambulance, and many others, who at home and at the seat of war are laboring to make the lot of our soldiers endurable and victorious. …  A vote of thanks was heartily passed on motion of Mr. R.J. Graham and Col. Ponton. The meeting adjourned by the singing of ‘O Canada.’ ”

The Intelligencer February 27, 1915 (page 7)

“Separation allowance has been granted by the Canadian government to the dependents of volunteers serving in the Canadian Overseas Contingent as follows: Privates $20 a month; sergeants $25 a month; warrant officers $30 a month; lieutenants $30 a month; captains $40 a month; majors $50 a month; Lieut. Colonels $60 a month.

‘Dependents’ include only:—(a) wives. (b) Children of a widower, if they are in the care of a guardian. Girls over sixteen and boys over fourteen years of age not eligible. (c) Widowed mothers, if the son is unmarried and her sole support. A certificate to this effect must be obtained from the local Patriotic Fund Committee or from a clergyman.

The allowance is not payable to the dependents of a soldier who is an employee of the Dominion or any Provincial Government and in receipt of a Government salary in addition to his military pay, or who is a member of the Permanent Force.”

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100 Years Ago: Leo Ross Prepares for France

The Intelligencer February 23, 1915 (page 3)

“A Letter From Leo Ross. Devizes, Jan. 29, 1915. Dear Mother.—Just a line to let you know that I have heard we are to go to the base in France next Monday. We have been dished out with our identification tickets, new shoes, knives and an extra suit of under clothes. We are painting our guns and transport wagons all colors of the rainbow, in order to hide them from observation by the enemy. We are also painting our steel a brown color, for the same reason, so you can see things begin to look like business, and about time too.

Our identification card is a circular and is supposed to hang about our neck. It is like this: Gunner Jas. Leo Ross, C. 40488, 2nd Artillery Battalion, 1st Brigade, C.F.A., Roman Catholic. And is of a brick red color. …  With love—Your son, Leo Ross.”

By | February 23rd, 2015|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Pat Yeomans Extols Beautiful Belleville

The Intelligencer February 22, 1915 (page 3)

“Pat’s Letter. Devizes, Feb. 5th, 1915. Dear Mamma:—Well, we got our Christmas box at last, and talk about being glad! …  That wallet with the photos in, it was the best of all. Oh! I was glad when I saw those photos, they were all so fine. They are going to occupy one pocket by themselves and they will certainly be well taken care of. They are simply great. …  We have gotten much benefit and fun from the jumping-jacks and tin whistles you put in. You ought to hear Ted play ‘Tipperary’ on his. O yes!

And those views of Belleville that you sent are great. I have shown them all around and, believe me, I am some publicity agent. I had everybody in the stables interested in these views …  I was conducting a kind of illustrated lecture on ‘Beautiful Belleville’ and they were all gathered round me listening and watching most intently.”

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100 Years Ago: Ads for Oxo and Perrin’s Tipperary Biscuits

The Intelligencer February 20, 1915 (page 11)Oxo Cubes 1

“OXO CUBES at the War. More letters showing how OXO CUBES are valued. …  Diary of a Rifleman of the Queen’s Westminsters with the British Expeditionary Force. For City men we have shaken down wonderfully, and our health generally is very good. The only change we can get from cold food is tea, OXO, etc. We cook in fires and pails, etc. …

The handiness of OXO CUBES is almost as great a recommendation as their food value. By simply adding an OXO CUBE to a cupful of hot water a delicious warming cupful of OXO can be made in a moment.”


Perrin's Biscuits 058The Intelligencer February 20, 1915 (page 12)

“Perrin’s Tipperary Biscuits. Ten different designs of golden-brown crispness and sweet delicacy. These biscuits bear pictures of troops of all the allied armies, Union Jack, British Coat of Arms, and British Bulldog. The Kiddies will all want a complete set of them, and what could better carry the lesson of patriotism and courage to their little minds?

They are, of course, of the same flawless quality that has distinguished Perrin’s Biscuits for more than fifty years. Every Biscuit guaranteed. At your grocer’s. D.S. Perrin & Company, Limited. London. Canada.

Union Jack, Scotch Soldier, French Soldier, What We Have We’ll Hold

[British Bulldog], English Soldier, British Coat of Arms, Canadian Volunteer, Russian Soldier, Belgian Soldier, Irish Soldier.”


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100 Years Ago: Letter from Dick Ponton to Father Colonel Ponton

The Intelligencer February 19, 1915 (page 1)

“A Manly Letter From a Sterling Soldier Son. Lieutenant Richard Douglas Ponton Sends Last Message from Salisbury Plain. ‘Many thanks for letters, enclosures and three fine bundles of papers. …  Mother’s socks are the very best ever. No sooner received than worn, the more the merrier. How short the life of even a good sock, and what will it be in France when far from supplies with trenches and marching and fighting day and night. …

The King and Lord Kitchener came to say good-bye to the Canadian Division and from the way the inspection went off we proved to their satisfaction that, all rumours to the contrary notwithstanding, the Contingent is fit and efficient. Lord Kitchener and the King expressed themselves as surprised and pleased at the splendid appearance and work of all units. …

You surely have your hands full with night meetings for the Red Cross and recruiting. Who meets you at the station now that I am gone, when you come back at 2, 3 and 4 a.m. as usually, I suppose?

We will have many minutes, hours and nights in France for reflection and memory, and no doubt the dear old home circles will be in our thoughts all the time. We are prepared for the worst should it come—and for the best. You know our duty will not be shirked at any rate even though our responsibilities be great and many. These we fully realize and these we face. Good night and good-bye. Love to all always, Dick.”

By | February 19th, 2015|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Letters from Captain O’Flynn, Militia Clothing Found, Plea for Field Comforts

The Intelligencer February 17, 1915 (page 1)

“Belleville Boys at Front Heard From. Letters were received from Captain O’Flynn this morning, dated February 2nd from Bustard Camp. The Captain says that all the Belleville boys are well and in splendid condition. …  The boys were looking forward to an inspection by the King, which has since taken place. …  The Canadians have made great improvement in the last month and reports show that the King was very much pleased with the inspection.

The Captain sent his best wishes to his Belleville friends, sending special messages to a number. The boys are now at the front, as shown by the cables and it is with hearts full of anxiety and with prayers for their welfare that their friends are waiting at home.”

The Intelligencer February 17, 1915 (page 2)

“Military Clothing Found. Yesterday a good sized valise was found in a yard in this city, and upon examination it was ascertained that it contained a complete khaki suit of clothing, such as worn by the militia. The owner of the valise or the clothing is a mystery. The outfit was taken to the police station, where it is being taken care of. It is possible that it is the property of a deserter, as it is known that an enlister recently deserted from Kingston.”

The Intelligencer February 17, 1915 (page 6)

“Appeal for Comforts. Sir George Perley Cables For Gifts of Extras for Canadians at Front. Ottawa. Feb. 17.—The first official announcement that the Canadian troops are in France was made yesterday morning, and carries with it an appeal which will doubtless evoke a prompt and ready response from all parts of Canada.

Sir George Perley cables urgently for a large stock of field comforts for the use of the Canadian contingent. …  The articles asked for at present are all kinds of heavy woollen articles, especially socks, while later it would be better to confine attention to socks and mitts, woven belts and colored handkerchiefs, well-knit socks being the most important. Gifts of money to purchase woven body belts, sweaters, tobacco and such comforts will also be most acceptable, especially if sent promptly.

The following cable was received by the Governor-General yesterday from London from Rt. Hon. Lewis Harcourt, the Colonial Secretary: ‘Your Ministers will be glad to learn that the whole of the Canadian contingent are doing well at the front, having safely crossed over to France.’ “

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100 Years Ago: Letter from Nursing Sister Ida Denmark

The Intelligencer February 16, 1915 (page 2)

“Busy in the Wards. Extracts from a letter received from Miss Denmark at Le Touquet, France: ‘We have been fairly busy lately in the wards, but not so much in the operating rooms. The last case there was a German, an Iron Cross man. You would be pleased to see how kind and generous the English Tommies are to them. We had a visit to-day from some Red Cross people from Boulogne, who gave a very nice concert to the patients. Needless to say the nurses enjoyed it also. Am feeling well. Remember me to all.”

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100 Years Ago: Madoc Armoury Opens, Deseronto Bids Colonel Rathbun Farewell, Quinte I.O.D.E. Gives Vote of Thanks

The Intelligencer February 15, 1915 (pages 1, 8)

“Auspicious Opening of the Madoc Armouries. …  The armoury is a very neat, imposing, brick building, and speaks volumes for the contractor Mr. Lucius E. Allen, of Belleville. The building, which is a large one, was packed to the doors with about 1,000 people.

Sharp on the stipulated time, Dr. Harper, Reeve of the village, called the gathering to order. Seated on the platform were Major-General Hon. Sam Hughes, Hon. J.C. Doherty, Sir Mackenzie Bowell, W.B. Northrup, K.C., M.P., Robt. Cooke, M.P.P., Lt.-Col. Ketcheson, 49th Regt., Ex-Mayor Wills. …  Dr. Harper …  welcomed the very large crowd, as this was possibly the most important meeting that had been held in Madoc.

He then read an address of welcome to Major-General Hughes …  On behalf of the municipalities in Madoc Township and Madoc Village we desire to express to you our sense of the great honor conferred upon us by your visit to this locality at a time when you are undergoing many duties and great responsibilities. …  We also wish on this occasion to express to you, and to the other members of the Government our great appreciation for this splendid armoury which you have erected here and which you are doing us the honor of formally opening. It is a building which we trust will be used for the Arts of peace as well as for Arts of war, and in the years to come we have no doubt but that it will be a valuable adjunct to the life of this community. …

During the afternoon the speeches were interspersed with splendid music from the 49th Regimental Band. The singing of ‘God Save the King,’ and three cheers for the King, General Hughes and Sir Mackenzie Bowell brought this very pleasant and successful event to a close.”


The Intelligencer February 15, 1915 (page 3)

“Farewell to Colonel Rathbun. At Deseronto, on Saturday night the opera house was filled with an enthusiastic audience of well-wishers to Col. Rathbun and his gallant comrades, who are going to the front with the guns of the 6th Brigade. An address was presented by those associated with him from boyhood, and patriotic music by local talent, led by Mr. Hercher Aylesworth—a host in himself—stirred all present.

Colonel Ponton, of Belleville, carried the greetings of the Bay of Quinte District and comrades-in-arms west of Deseronto, and congratulated both the gallant Colonel and the Town on having the honor of furnishing a commander of a Brigade, which General Lessard has pronounced one of the best ever inspected in the whole Dominion in organization, spirit and efficiency.

A bountiful supper was served at the close and another of Canada’s soldier sons left for the post of duty.”


The Intelligencer February 15, 1915 (page 7)

“Passed Vote of Thanks. At the annual meeting of the Quinte Chapter of the Daughters of Empire, held on Friday afternoon, February 12th, the ladies passed a hearty vote of thanks to the business firms whose generosity made it possible to open a tea-room and conduct it successfully for a month, without expense.

The Ritchie Co. most generously offered the Chapter the use of the millinery department, and the courtesy and interest of the firm and employees were greatly appreciated. The Trenton Electric Co. installed and loaned an electric range, and donated the electricity; Mr. W.B. Riggs loaned a victrola and records, Stroud Bros. dishes; Tickle & Sons, and Thompson Furniture Co., chairs and tables.

The Chapter was most grateful for the interest shown by a number of ladies of the first six concessions of Sidney, who very kindly donated a quantity of homemade cookery, which was sold, the amount realized being nearly fifty dollars.

The Chapter desires to thank those patrons of the tea-room who so generously gave donations of money, thus adding so materially to the financial success of the undertaking, also the press, which made frequent mention of the tea-room without charge.”

[Note:  See also the article from January 12, 1915 about the opening of the I.O.D.E. tea room.]

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100 Years Ago: Christmas Truce

The Intelligencer February 13, 1915 (page 4)

“Most Extraordinary Christmas on Record with Fighting Men Fraternizing Between the Trenches. London. Feb. 12. …  ‘We are having the most extraordinary Christmas day imaginable, …  A sort of unarranged and quite unauthorized but perfectly understood and scrupulously observed truce exists between us and our friends in front. A regular soldiers’ peace.

The thing started last night soon after dusk when the Germans started ‘Merry Christmas, Englishmen’, to us. Of course, our fellows shouted back, and presently large numbers of both sides had left their trenches unarmed, and met in the debatable, shot-riddled, no-man’s land between the lines …  one could see dim shapes wandering about or standing round in groups, English and Germans, where it would have been death to have shown a whisker an hour or so before.

The men were all fraternizing in the middle (we naturally did not allow them too close to our line) and swopped cigarettes and lies in the utmost good fellowship. Not a shot was fired all night.”

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100 Years Ago: Major-General Hughes Visits Belleville

The Intelligencer February 12, 1915 (pages 1, 8)

“The presence of Major-General the Hon. Sam Hughes, Minister of Militia, in the city today caused much interest in military matters. The Minister arrived in the city at an early hour this morning and was provided with apartments at Hotel Quinte. He was accompanied to the city by Sir Mackenzie Bowell.

At nine o’clock the Major-General, who is an active man, was about, and in company with Col. Ponton, of Kingston, commanding officer of the 39th Battalion, which will be mobilized here, Col. Marsh, commanding officer of the 15th Regiment, Col. Ketcheson, commanding officer of the 49th Regiment, and other officers who are connected with the Third Contingent, made an inspection of the Armouries, and also visited the canning factory building on Pinnacle Street, where the volunteers of the 39th Battalion will be quartered.”

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