100 Years Ago: Canadian Women to Get Franchise, More Recruits for Depot Battalion

The Intelligencer February 19, 1918 (page 1)

“Women of Canada Get the Franchise. Ottawa. Universal women’s franchise in the Dominion is assured. Whether it will be enacted next session or not makes little difference.

Before the next election comes every woman in Canada who possesses the qualification in age, residence, etc., necessary for the present male franchise will obtain the vote. The assurance that the entry of women into the industrial arena would be protected by according them equal political rights with men was, it is stated, given to the Labor delegation which met here some days ago, and the results of whose deliberations with the Government on purely Labor matters was made public this morning.

About a million and a half new voters will be added to the Canadian franchise lists before another polling day is set in Ottawa.”

The Intelligencer February 19, 1918 (page 2)

“More Recruits Arrive. Thirty-five new recruits from Kingston came to Belleville last evening to be attached to the depot battalion which is being formed here. Others are expected to arrive here in the near future. At present there is 60 here including three officers.”

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100 Years Ago: Officers Commemorate Arrival Three Years Ago, Dr. Capt. McCulloch Home

The Intelligencer February 18, 1918 (page 1)

“Canadians Celebrate Third Anniversary at the Front. Canadian Army Headquarters in France. Friday night more than one hundred officers of the original First Expeditionary Force who landed in France in the middle of February, 1915, met at dinner to commemorate their arrival three years ago. …

Late Friday morning Canadian Headquarters was the scene of a pleasing ceremony, in which Belgium, honoring the Canadian Corps, gave a striking appreciation of Canadian service at Passchendaele and in other historic combats in the salient. Fourteen Canadian officers were decorated by Gen. Sir H. S. Horne, commanding the First Army, with the Belgian Croix de Guerre. The same decoration has been awarded to six other officers and 187 non-commissioned officers and men.”

The Intelligencer February 18, 1918 (page 5)

“Capt. Dr. R. J. P. McCulloch of this city, who left here in July, 1915, for overseas service arrived home yesterday. He gave up his practice here and enlisted as specialist, since which time he has been engaged in hospital work devoting his skill as a specialist in ear, eye and throat work to the welfare of the soldiers. His many friends in Belleville heartily welcome him home again.”

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100 Years Ago: Married Men of First Contingent Get Furlough to Canada, Ad for Corn Flakes, Camp Mohawk Pierrots Present Minstrel Show

The Intelligencer February 16, 1918 (page 1)

“Married Men of the First Contingent Get Home Leave. Canadian Army Headquarters in France. Early this week the first batch of married N.C.O.’s and men of the First Expeditionary Force left the front on a three months’ furlough to Canada. Altogether, nearly 700 married men have applied for this special veterans’ leave which Canada has made possible by the striking support of its forces in the field.”

The Intelligencer February 16, 1918 (page 2)

Ad for Kellogg's Corn Flakes“Make Your Patriotic Meals Enjoyable. Our armies and our allies need every pound of wheat we can spare them. Three times a day you can help to save wheat by eating Kellogg’s Toasted Corn Flakes instead of bread. It is no sacrifice either, for Kellogg’s Toasted Corn Flakes are delicious, palatable and nourishing. They make a wheat-saving meal enjoyable.

Sold only in the original red, white and green package. Kellogg’s Toasted Corn Flakes. Licensed by the Food Controller under Number 2—055.

Only Made in Canada by The Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Co., Limited. Head Office and Factory: London, Ont.”

The Intelligencer February 16, 1918 (page 8)

“Camp Mohawk Pierrots Fine Entertainers. If all the members of the Royal Flying Corps prove to be as good experts in dropping bombs, etc., over the enemy’s lines as the Camp Mohawk Pierrots are in presenting a minstrel show, then the success of this branch of military warfare in the great world struggle which at present is taking place is doubly assured.

Of late a number of excellent entertainments have been provided for Belleville audiences but none have been more pleasing than that presented in the City Hall last evening by a number of the members of No. 2 Cadet wing, Royal Flying Corps, of Camp Mohawk.

Many a minstrel show has come to this city and presented a program which was far less meritorious in every respect. It was clean and wholesome and given in a manner that captivated all present. …  Cadet Edwards, who rendered ‘Macushla’ and ‘I Hear You Calling Me,’ was graciously received. The quartette, consisting of Cadets Owen, Edwards, VanNest and Robertson, deserve special mention for the manner in which they presented ‘Keep the Home Fires Burning.’ …  These Pierrots carry a large orchestra which kept everything moving.

The proceeds, which were large, as the auditorium of the City Hall was filled to capacity and overflowing, will be used in aid of the Royal Flying Corps comforts in the Dominion and overseas.”

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100 Years Ago: Captain Vernon Castle Killed at Fort Worth Training Camp, Army of School Girls to Join Boys on Farms, Camp Mohawk Pierrots Arrive

The Intelligencer February 15, 1918 (page 1)

“Capt. Vernon Castle Killed This Morning at Fort Worth. Vernon Castle, Prominent Dancer and Aviator, Who Gained Considerable Distinction in Air Fighting in France, Met Death This Morning in an Aeroplane Accident at the Texas Training Camp.

Captain Vernon Castle had many friends in Belleville and while connected with Mohawk Camp as instructor was an almost daily visitor to Belleville. He was quiet, unassuming and every inch a gentleman. With his wife he came to the United States from England and won instant fame as a dancer and interpreter of new steps.

When the war broke out he at once volunteered his services and entered the Royal Flying Corps overseas. After two years of splendid service in France Capt. Castle was sent to Canada to act as instructor at Mohawk Aviation Camp near Belleville, leaving here last fall at the close of the flying season. …  Mrs. Castle visited Belleville and Camp Mohawk occasionally last summer enjoying some extremely high altitude flights.”

The Intelligencer February 15, 1918 (page 4)

“An Army of School Girls. With happy memories of national service on the farms during last midsummer vacation thousands of Ontario school boys are anxious to help win-the-war in similar service this year. …  Not to be outdone by the boys many of the girls of the Colleges and High Schools will pick fruit and help in the farm houses in united effort to help win the war by increasing production of food stuffs. Last summer 1,250 girls were organized for national service by the Trades and Labor Branch of the Ontario Government and did splendid service on the fruit farms.

The fruit growers were at first sceptical and it was somewhat difficult to get them interested in the movement, but the results were a complete surprise, and now they are so enthusiastic that the ‘National Service Girls’ will get a hearty welcome this year and be in great demand everywhere, with better pay for this work than prevailed last season. …  Badges with the inscription ‘Ontario National Service Workers,’ were worn and at the end of the season bronze pins were issued to all girls entitled to wear them. Wages ranged from fifteen cents per hour to twenty cents per hour and board, and will no doubt be larger this year. …

In truck gardening they hoed and weeded, they bunched carrots and onions, they cut asparagus, dug potatoes, picked peas, beans and cucumbers. They were girls who picked and packed tomatoes for weeks—work that is hard to get even a man to do. Some spent weeks driving a cultivator. Others drove disc harrow and roller. A few pitched hay. It is the success in the latter kind of work that has convinced the country that these women must now be used for more important forms of production.”

The Intelligencer February 15, 1918 (page 5)

“The Camp Mohawk Pierrot troupe arrived in town this morning prepared to present their original minstrel show at the City Hall tonight. The tickets have been selling very rapidly and the hall should be filled to capacity when the curtain rings up. The entertainment will be different to any ever seen here before, and is not strictly a minstrel show, but a decided novelty in that line. It is a pierrot show and will prove most interesting, and enjoyable to the people of Belleville. The artists engaged are mostly professional and will consequently give a finished performance.

The total proceeds will be applied to purchasing comforts for the members of the Royal Flying Corps in Canada and overseas, and as this is the first appeal that the R. F. C. has made to patriotic Belleville it is to be hoped that the size of the audience will testify to the esteem in which the flying men are held here. There will be no reserved seats, therefor everyone will be accommodated at the hall. First come, first served. The price of the seats is 35¢ and can be had at Doyle’s Drug Store until 6 o’clock, and will be on sale at the City Hall at 7.30, when the doors open.”

 

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100 Years Ago: Wednesday and Friday to Be Beefless and Porkless, Flight-Lieutenant Laurence Herbert Wrightmeyer Wounded, Notice from Bell Telephone, Depot Battalion Departs, Ad for Camp Mohawk Pierrots

The Intelligencer February 14, 1918 (page 1)

“Wednesday, Friday Beefless, Porkless. Ottawa. The food controller’s regulations in respect to the serving of beef and bacon in public eating places have been amended, making Wednesday and Friday of each week Canada’s beefless and porkless days, instead of Tuesday and Friday as heretofore.

The change went into effect on Ash Wednesday, the beginning of the Lenten period. The new regulations extend their restrictions on the use of bacon to pork of all kinds, so that Ash Wednesday was the first beefless and porkless Wednesday throughout the Dominion.

Under the amended regulations beef must not be served at more than one meal on any day, while its use on Wednesdays and Fridays is absolutely prohibited. Similarly pork must not be served at more than one meal on any day, and on Wednesdays and Fridays must not be served at any time.”

The Intelligencer February 14, 1918 (page 2)

Lawrence Wrightmeyer“Belleville Flight-Lieut. Meets Accident. Lieut. L. H. Wrightmeyer went overseas as a private in the 155th Battalion in 1916. He was gazetted Second Flight Lieutenant in the R. F. C. in October last year and has since been actively engaged in coast defence. His parents have received no word from, or of, him since the middle of January, this year, until yesterday, when the following letter from a lady who visited him in hospital was received.

Chichester House, Kemptown, Brighton, England, Jan. 30th, 1918. Dear Mrs. Wrightmeyer, 93 Mill St., Belleville. I have made the acquaintance of your son in the Second Eastern Hospital here and he wishes me to write and tell you that he is doing very well indeed.

I am a mother, too, and feel sincerely for you in this anxious time, so far away, and think a few lines from one who has been with him will be a comfort to you. …  I cannot tell you how splendidly he has behaved or how much he is liked and admired for his courage and fine spirit at the hospital. It is that which has helped to pull him through. He is much better and getting on well—very cheerful and contented and says they are all very good to him. It is beautiful to see his faith and trust in God, and his example and character must do us all good. You may indeed be proud of such a son. He is thinking much of you. Believe me, yours truly, Mrs. Nina H. Butler.”

The Intelligencer February 14, 1918 (page 3)

Bell Telephone notice“Give At Least 10 Days Moving Notice — There is a great scarcity of skilled telephone men through army enlistments.

If you have a telephone and intend moving, we should be notified immediately so that arrangements can be made to move your telephone promptly.

War-time demands have also caused a shortage of all telephone materials. Subscribers are asked to co-operate with us in conserving telephone supplies by ordering only absolutely necessary changes or new installations. The Bell Telephone Co. of Canada.”

The Intelligencer February 14, 1918 (page 5)

“Off To A Training Camp. One hundred and fifty members of the Depot Battalion which has been stationed in Belleville for a few weeks left today for a training camp in the east. The departure of the men from the city was an exceptionally quiet one. A few of the battalion are left here and their numbers will be augmented.”

The Intelligencer February 14, 1918 (page 5)

Ad for Camp Mohawk Pierrots“No. 2 Cadet Wing Royal Flying Corps (By Permission of the Officer Commanding) MINSTRELS Presented by the Camp Mohawk Pierrots.

To-morrow, Friday at 8 p.m. in the City Hall. Admission 35¢. Tickets at Doyle’s. Entire proceeds in aid of R. F. C. Comforts in Canada and Overseas.”

 

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100 Years Ago: Fuel Order Amended for Theatres, Class Two May Soon Be Called for Service, William Christian Donovan Promoted to Lieutenant

The Intelligencer February 13, 1918 (page 7)

“Fuel Order Is Amended. Ottawa. The fuel regulations, as they apply to places of amusement have been amended by the Fuel Controller. The heatless Mondays commence next week, February 18. Many theatre proprietors have asked that the heatless days be changed from Monday to Tuesday. It has been decided to give them the option of closing on Tuesday instead of Monday.

However, moving picture shows, bowling alleys, billiard and pool rooms still have to close on Mondays. The order is in force until March 25.”

The Intelligencer February 13, 1918 (page 1)

“Class Two May Soon Be Called For Active Service Overseas. Special Despatch to The Intelligencer, Canadian Press, Limited. Ottawa. In view of the urgent necessity for reinforcements it is considered likely here that further calls of other classes under the Military Service Act may not long be delayed. Class one has already been called up and all but exemptees, appellants or deserters are in khaki.

Class Two which is next under the Act, and may soon be called up, includes men between the ages of 20 and 35 who are married or widowers with children.”

The Intelligencer February 13, 1918 (page 7)

“Promoted to Lieut. Mrs. Cornelius Donovan of this city, has received word that her son Sergt. W. C. Donovan of the Canadian Railway Troops has received his commission as a Lieutenant. The young officer left Belleville with the 155th Battalion, and won his commission whilst on active service. His many friends in this city will be pleased to learn of his promotion.”

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100 Years Ago: Bakers Must Be Licensed, Marsh and Henthorn Have Prosperous Year, Charles Stewart Jones Receives Military Medal, Church Heated with Wood Fuel

The Intelligencer February 12, 1918 (page 1)

“All Bakers Must Now Be Licensed. Ottawa. Licensing of bakery establishments using five barrels of flour or more per month and standardization of bakery products, are provided for in an order of the Food Controller. Hotels, restaurants and public eating houses, baking only for the use of their patrons, and not offering their products for sale to the public over the counter, are not required to obtain a bakers’ license.

The order makes it illegal, on and after March 1, for any baker to make bread, rolls, pastry or other bakery products, without written permission from the Food Controller, from wheat flour other than the standard flour already prescribed.

Standard loaves of bread in Ontario will be 12 and 24 ounces. Rolls must be baked in a pan and weigh either one or two ounces. Annual license fees will vary from $5.00 to $50.00. The regulations provide that only a reasonable profit be taken on bakery products.”

The Intelligencer February 12, 1918 (page 2)

“Prosperous Year For Local Industry. The annual meeting of the shareholders of Marsh and Henthorn Limited was held at the head office of the Company, Franklin street, at four o’clock on the afternoon of Saturday, February 9. The President Colonel L. W. Marsh, reported a very satisfactory year’s business. …

Last Christmas the company gave one day’s pay to each employee as a Christmas box. Christmas remembrances were also sent to the representatives of the company at the front. These were contributed by each member of the staff throughout all the shops and office.

The directors and shareholders again this year at this meeting authorized a donation of one thousand dollars to the Patriotic Fund, same as last year.”

The Intelligencer February 12, 1918 (page 2)

“Marmora Boy Wins Medal. The following is an extract from a letter received by Dr. Henry M. Jones, of Marmora, Ont., from his son, Charles Stewart Jones.

‘By the way, a few of the boys in the battalion, including myself, are to be decorated shortly. I’m getting the Military Medal. The medal itself will be sent on to you. I will merely wear the ribbon. The medals were given for the last ‘do’ we were in (Battle of Passchendaele). I feel that I owe to my parents what there is in me to merit such an honor. It is you who made the real sacrifice in sending both of your boys over here, and it is you who have to bear the burden of anxiety and loneliness; also it is because I know that you believe in me that I do my best to ‘carry on’ as you would have me do. The enclosed piece of ribbon is a piece of the Military Medal we are wearing. Well, good-night and good-bye. Your loving son, ‘STEWART.’ ”

The Intelligencer February 12, 1918 (page 7)

“Solved Fuel Problem. The fuel problem of heating Holloway street Methodist Church during the special services which are being held has been solved by a number of the friends of the church. Wood is used for heating purposes instead of coal and this was given by friends residing in the country, and was cut up by a number of men of the congregation who yesterday were idle on account of places of business and industries being closed.”

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100 Years Ago: Office of Food Controller Abolished, Mayor Platt Issues Fuel Warning, Ad for Royalite Coal Oil, Ad for Wrigley’s, Fuel Situation, Flour by Special Delivery

The Intelligencer February 11, 1918 (page 1)

“Office of Food Controller Has Been Abolished. Ottawa. Under an order-in-council passed on Saturday the office of food controller is abolished and the functions formerly exercised by that official, greatly enlarged, will now be assumed by a new organization to be known as the Canada Food Board. …

A question that will receive immediate attention is that of mobilization of the farm labor of Canada. Steps have already been taken by the food controller to reach labor in towns and cities and make it available for the farm. Arrangements have been made for the mobilization of 25,000 boys. This force will be carefully selected, having regard to the suitability of the boys for farm work. If, after this army of useful workers has been obtained, more are found to be available, another appeal may be made for volunteers for similar service.”

The Intelligencer February 11, 1918 (page 2)

“Mayor Platt Issues Fuel Warning. In the various churches of the city yesterday the following communication from Mayor Platt in reference to the fuel situation was read:

‘Will you please announce to your congregations that the fuel situation in Belleville is such as to make it imperative that every economy should be practised for the next few weeks in the consumption of coal. No person who has fuel sufficient for more than four days’ use need apply at the City Hall or to the Fuel Controller for a supply. All persons who have a quantity larger than needed for the next few weeks are urged to share with their neighbors who may be in want.’ ”

The Intelligencer February 11, 1918 (page 3)

Ad for Royalite Coal Oil“Here is Reliable Fuel Day In and Day Out. Royalite Coal Oil.

The shortage and high price of coal and other fuels mean no great discomfort to homes equipped for heating, cooking and lighting with Royalite Coal Oil. Royalite is always the same. It will heat your rooms, cook your meals and light your home every day in the year—and do it economically.

Perfection Oil Heaters. New Perfection on Cook-Stoves. Rayo Lamps. Imperial Oil, Limited.”

The Intelligencer February 11, 1918 (page 6)

Ad for Wrigley's gum“Don’t Grit Your Teeth! Put Wrigley’s between them and bite on it! Your determination will be just as strong—stronger in fact, for you gain pluck, perseverance, renewed vigour, from this great pick-me-up.

Do as the soldiers in the trenches are doing—chew Wrigley’s to get a fresh grip on yourself.

Keep YOUR boy supplied with Wrigley’s. The Flavour Lasts!”

The Intelligencer February 11, 1918 (page 7)

“The Fuel Situation. The fuel controllers office was besieged today with applicants for coal. On Saturday the situation was relieved by the arrival of seven cars but this was soon disposed of. Yesterday a car arrived here for the Anderson Company and in response to a telegram from Mr. Thos. Wills, fuel controller, an answer was received this afternoon that a car of coal was en route to the city for N. Allen. Considerable coal is being conserved by the closing of industries, stores and offices.”

The Intelligencer February 11, 1918 (page 7)

“Flour by Special Delivery. A car of flour consigned to L. P. Hughes, wholesale dealer, was held up at Oshawa by freight congestion caused by weather conditions. On account of the flour famine here the G.T.R. officials made a special effort to get the car through and succeeded in landing it here yesterday with the aid of a snowplow in front. The flour was delivered to the local bakers yesterday, permission being secured from the civic authorities, and was speedily turned into bread for the tables of the citizens today, thus preventing a breadless day in addition to a heatless day.”

 

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100 Years Ago: Fuel Controller Gives Reasons for Shutdown, Ad for Sinclair’s, Ad for Comfort Soap, C.W.C.A. At Home, Heatless Day Observed

The Intelligencer February 9, 1918 (page 1)

“Fuel Controller Gives His Reasons. Ottawa. The following statement was issued from the office of the fuel controller: ‘On the eve of the period of heatless days, I desire to address a word to the citizens of that portion of Canada affected by these regulations, which is, in fact, that part of Canada depending entirely upon the United States for its coal supply. …

The recent cold weather and snowstorms have created a most difficult situation. Eastern Canada’s coal consumption has been greater than ever in her history. South of the line coal shipments are badly tied up, and as Canada’s coal consignments have to work their way through these congested areas, we evidently cannot hope for very prompt relief. …

Fuel consumption has now developed into an absolute necessity. …  I would urge the proper authorities in localities where emergency conditions prevail, to close all schools during the very severe weather. I feel confident that clergymen in such localities will cheerfully lead the way, and to co-operate to the extent of discontinuing week-day services and arranging joint services as far as possible.

Mayors, wardens and others in authority will perform valuable public service by impressing upon citizens the great need for rigid economy in the use of coal and the substitution of wood as far as possible. …  (Signed) C. A. Magrath, Fuel Controller.”

The Intelligencer February 9, 1918 (page 1)

Ad for Sinclair's“Sinclair’s Store Is Saving Coal. Closed All Day Saturday and Monday. Business as Usual on Tuesday. When We Will Help You Save Money!

We Have the Goods at Right Prices. Sinclair’s.”

The Intelligencer February 9, 1918 (page 3)

Ad for Comfort soap“No Premiums Now—more Soap instead. A bigger bar for you now because we are withdrawing all Premiums—due to the impossibility of getting good ones in the face of war conditions. This will be great news to many thousands who bought Comfort Soap because of its sheer merit and never saved the wrappers for premiums.

Why do we prefer to give up premiums? It pays you in war time. We’ll wait until after the war, anyhow, and see how the premiums are then. In the meanwhile, of course, all present Comfort wrappers and coupons now out in the stores will be redeemed as formerly, but understand the wrapper on the new big Comfort bar is not good for premiums.”

The Intelligencer February 9, 1918 (page 8)

“Heatless Day Observed. The order of the Fuel Controller for the closing of all stores and industries today and on Monday was observed in this city without exception. All stores except those selling food were closed all day and the grocery stores closed at noon. The barbers were allowed to do business today, but will be compelled to close on Monday.”

 

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100 Years Ago: Ed. F. Dickens & Son Open, Patriotic Concert at City Hall, Ad for Ritchie’s

The Intelligencer February 8, 1918 (page 2)

Ad for Dickens & Son“NOTICE. We Will Be Open To-morrow as Usual. Ottawa Ont. Feb. 7, Ed. F. Dickens & Son, Belleville. Your Wire Seventh, you may continue operations as usual. C. W. Peterson, Deputy Fuel Controller 8.30 a.m.

The above wire received from Deputy Fuel Controller C. W. Peterson, Ottawa is our authority for being open tomorrow under clause B. of Regulation Three and Regulation Five enacted.

And as above stated we will continue operations as usual. Ed. F. Dickens & Son.”

[Note: Ed. F. Dickens & Son were bakers and confectioners.]

The Intelligencer February 8, 1918 (page 5)

“Patriotic Concert Great Success. The City Hall was last evening filled to overflowing with citizens, who assembled to hear a grand concert, which was given by local talent. The object of the entertainment was to procure funds for the Red Cross and Patriotic Association of the city and a goodly sum was realized.

Mayor Platt had been requested to preside, but owing to other engagements was unable to be present all the time, but opened the proceedings with a brief and appropriate address. He referred to the worthy object of the concert and wished the ladies every success in the worthy object they were engaged in.

At the conclusion of the programme, Mrs. F. E. O’Flynn, on behalf of the organization, thanked all who had contributed to the programme and especially Mr. Knight McGregor, whose selections were one of the chief features of the evening. He was in fine voice and his numbers were beautifully rendered.”

The Intelligencer February 8, 1918 (page 6)

Ad for Ritchieès curtains“Ritchie’s. Beautiful New Swiss Curtains That Have Just Arrived From St. Gail, Switzerland. $4.00 to $10.00 pr.

In accordance with the ‘Order in Council’ of the Dominion Government—Ritchie Co. Store will remain closed Saturday, Sunday and Monday February 9, 10, and 11.”

 

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