100 Years Ago: Ad for Sinclair’s, Red Cross Penny Bags, Coal from Gas Works, High School Patriotic Concert, Ad for Adams Chewing Gum

The Intelligencer February 7, 1918 (page 2)

“Sinclair’s. Store Closed Saturday and Monday. In accordance with the order of the Government Fuel Controller our Store will be closed all day Saturday and Monday.

Friday Bargain Day. Because of our closing on Saturday and Monday we have decided to make Friday a Busy Day. Here are some special attractions: Dress Ginghams Only 15¢. Chamoisette Gloves 75¢. Penman’s Hose 50¢. Ladies’ Silk Waists, $2.65.

Make Friday Your Shopping Day. Store Open As Usual on Tuesday.”

The Intelligencer February 7, 1918 (page 3)

“Red Cross Penny Bags January Collection. The returns from the monthly collection of the Red Cross penny bags for January were most encouraging. We mentioned in the notice of collection that our funds are at present very low; and that every available cent was required to meet the increasing demands.

The prices of wool and of materials for making hospital supplies have risen to such an extent, and the women have been working so energetically, that the Women’s Red Cross and Patriotic Association have some little difficulty added in financing their work. At this month’s meeting alone one thousand pairs of socks were handed in, knitted by zealous workers, anxious to help our soldier boys in every possible way.”

The Intelligencer February 7, 1918 (page 6)

“Coal from Gas Works. While the demand for orders for coal today were not as numerous as yesterday, there were many citizens who visited the office of the local fuel controller to obtain a limited supply of fuel. This morning the Schuster Company was fortunate enough to have one car of hard coal brought to the city and this was quickly taken up by those who had orders.

Mayor Platt in company with ex-Mayor Ketcheson, this morning visited the gas works on Pinnacle street, where it was seen that there was a good supply of coal. As a result of their visit it was decided that for the present 100 tons would be disposed of to citizens who were in need of fuel. This will have the effect of relieving temporarily many households.”

The Intelligencer February 7, 1918 (page 7)

“High School Pupils Patriotic Concert. Under the auspices of Class III.C ’17 the entertainment given in the High School auditorium last evening was one of the most successful of the season. Each number on the programme was rendered in such a manner that to single out any one for special mention would be unfair. The auditorium of the school was well filled with interested spectators who evidenced their appreciation by applauding for encores.

Class III.C ’17 are to be congratulated upon the success of the evening and the proceeds will be added to the Prisoners of War Fund.”

The Intelligencer February 7, 1918 (page 7)

Ad for Adams Chewing Gum“Adams Black Jack. At Ypres—where Canadians wrote history, the wounded and weary found comfort in the chewing gum that thoughtful friends had supplied. And in most cases, it was—Adams Black Jack.

A stick a day keeps the soldiers’ homesickness away. When you buy some for yourself, buy some for a soldier.

Made in Canada. Adams Pure Chewing Gum.”

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100 Years Ago: Retail Stores to Close Saturday, Protest Against Saturday Closing, Coal Wanted at Khaki Club, Food Stores to Close at Noon, 263 Belleville Homes Without Coal

The Intelligencer February 6, 1918 (page 1)

“All Retail Stores Must Close Saturday. Special Despatch to The Intelligencer, Canadian Press, Limited. Ottawa. That all retail stores shall close next Friday night and remain closed till Tuesday morning no matter how they are heated, by wood, coal or gas, this was the final decision of Assistant Fuel Controller Peterson this morning, after being interviewed and hearing arguments of an influential deputation representing the Retail Merchants Association. Peterson pointed out that any change made now, substituting Tuesday for Saturday, would only make further confusion and further hardship.”

The Intelligencer February 6, 1918 (page 4)

“Protest Against Saturday Closing. The closing of certain industries and stores for three days—Saturday, Sunday and Monday, February 9th, 10th and 11th, by order of the Government of Canada, to save fuel, is no doubt right in principle as a necessary war measure. …

The protest of the Retail Merchants Association of Ontario made to the Government that the closing of stores on Saturday will be accompanied by a heavy financial loss, more so than on any other day of the week, and suggesting a change to Tuesday as entailing a smaller loss, is well based, particularly in cities like Belleville where Saturday is market day and a great volume of trading is done by customers from the country who bring in their goods to market and make their purchases afterward. Saturday is the big shopping day of the week for everybody and custom is hard to alter. Past experience has shown that the loss of one Saturday’s trade is never made up again, consequently merchants prefer to have holidays observed on almost any other day of the week.”

The Intelligencer February 6, 1918 (page 7)

“Coal Wanted at Khaki Club. The Khaki Club which is being used by the soldiers quartered in Belleville, may have to shut down for lack of fuel. The water pipes are frozen and the frost has cast quite a shadow upon the customary cheerful atmosphere, of this soldiers gathering place.

Surely some one can spare out of their abundance a little coal to keep the soldier’s club warm. If several gave a little it would help mightily. The soldier boys will have enough discomforts before they finish fighting for us without having to suffer while in training.”

The Intelligencer February 6, 1918 (page 8)

“Many and varied are the puzzling cases which will need special rulings by the fuel controller in connection with the fuel saving closing order. …  Some of his rulings are: Banks can remain open only for the payment of bills of exchange, etc., falling due on Saturday and Monday. Deposits must not be accepted or cheques cashed. Only enough heat to make the offices comfortable for the few clerks engaged in the special work will be allowed.

Stores selling food products must close at 12 o’clock noon on Saturday and Monday. Bakeries with a shop in connection may bake all day, but must close the shop at 12 o’clock noon. Offices in telephone and telegraph buildings, not occupied by the companies themselves, must close.”

The Intelligencer February 6, 1918 (page 8)

“263 Homes Without Coal. One of the busiest places in the city the past few days is the office occupied by Mr. Thos. S. Wills, Fuel Controller of the city. An idea of the need of coal in the city may be gathered from the fact that from the hour the office was opened this morning until two o’clock this afternoon no less than 263 orders had been issued for coal. These were chiefly quarter ton lots, but in a few special cases a half ton order was given.

Whilst there is in the coal yard premises in the city some soft coal, hard coal may be considered a luxury as there is scarcely any available. A car load of hard stove coal arrived in the city this afternoon per G.T.R. for the Allen Coal Company, and the car was brought down to the city. The contents of the car was soon disposed of.

A number from the country to-day applied to the controller for an order to procure coal, but in every instance it was refused, as every available pound of coal must be reserved for our citizens, who are unable to procure wood, which is also a rather scarce article.”

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100 Years Ago: Closures to Save Coal, Ban on Cream of Wheat, Bitter Cold and Little Coal, Heatless Homes, Reaction to Industry and Store Closure, Letter from Exchanged Prisoner Harry Simpson

The Intelligencer February 5, 1918 (page 1)

“Coal Saving Days for Ontario and Quebec. Close Industries and Stores. Special Despatch to The Intelligencer, Canadian Press, Limited. Ottawa. An Order-in-Council has been passed that Quebec and Ontario factories, industries and shops, except food shops, must close February 9th, 10th and 11th, to save fuel.

Theatres, poolrooms and other places of amusement must remain closed every Monday from February 18th to March 25th. Munitions plants are not excepted but newspapers and public utilities are. Fines of $5,000 are provided for infringement of order.”

The Intelligencer February 5, 1918 (page 1)

“Ban on Cream of Wheat. Ottawa. The Food Controller’s regulations in control of Canadian mills automatically prohibit the manufacture of farina, cream of wheat, or similar products. Additional regulations which have just been announced provide that upon written application the Food Controller may grant permission to mills to manufacture what is known to the trade as farina for children and invalids.”

The Intelligencer February 5, 1918 (page 2)

“Thirty Below Zero. Early yesterday afternoon the thermometers commenced to record colder weather, and when the shades of evening had fallen it was extremely cold. …  At several places about the city 25 and 27 degrees below zero were registered, with 30 below at the C. N. R. station. …  A number of water services in various parts of the city were frozen during the night.

To make matters worse the coal situation in the city seems desperate. Fuel of this nature could only be secured in 200 or 300 pound lots, and that is soft coal. It was reported that in some instances in the city it was necessary to place children in bed in order to protect them from the cold. …  Many a home in the city during the night felt the need of more fuel to keep up a proper temperature, but was forced to curtail its use. …  This morning the High School pupils were sent home as the class rooms were too cold.”

The Intelligencer February 5, 1918 (page 2)

“Heatless Homes To-Day. At two o’clock this afternoon when a representative of The Intelligencer paid a visit to the office of Mr. T. S. Wills, local fuel controller, no less than 38 women and men were waiting to receive orders from him to obtain some coal. The controller informed the scribe that there were several homes in the city where there is not a pound of coal, and the situation would have been extremely critical if the G.T.R. had not given orders for two cars of soft coal to be used by the city. This was being given out in quarter-ton lots.

The controller and citizens generally appreciate this kind act of the railway authorities. It is reported that some cars laden with hard coal are enroute to the city, but it is with difficulty that the railways are able to handle freight owing to the extremely cold weather.”

The Intelligencer February 5, 1918 (page 2)

“Closing of Factories and Stores. Great interest is being taken locally in the order-in-Council passed by the Dominion Government to close all industries and shops in Ontario and Quebec on February 9, 10, and 11, to save fuel, also ordering that theatres, pool rooms, and all places of amusements be closed every Monday from February 18 to March 25. …  Apart from the two-day enforced holiday of a number of workmen it is not thought that much inconvenience will result from the order locally, although a number of factories will be affected.

The order closing theatres, pool rooms, and other places of amusement on Mondays for a stated period, while not received with pleasure by those affected is taken with all good philosophy as a necessary measure and one of the war time sacrifices which all good Canadians are willing to assume when called upon.”

The Intelligencer February 5, 1918 (page 2)

“From Pte. H. Simpson, Royal Scots. Robert Simpson, shoe repairer, 387 Front street, received the following letter from his son, a prisoner in Germany for three years and four months: Hotel, Du Nord, Interlaken, Switzerland, Jan. 10th, 1918.

Dear Father:—I have been exchanged here with the invalids, and we crossed this frontier on the night of the 27th last month. We had a great welcome here at every station, the people loaded us with chocolates and cigarettes, also at Beue, where we got off the train and had breakfast. The English people who were staying there waited on us. We are very comfortable here, and I am sharing a room with a fellow prisoner. The window looks onto the Alps, and it is a beautiful view, just like Paradise after Germany. If it were not for the parcels the boys would be in a terrible condition there.

How is Robert? Is he still at the front? Let Crissie and Jessie know I have been exchanged. Is Maggie’s husband still in France? I have not heard from Willie for quite a time, but heard he was discharged.

Well, father, I will write again soon. I don’t feel just up to writing much yet. Love to all, Your son, Harry.”

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100 Years Ago: Ad for Wrigley’s, Belleville Fuel Controller Busy

The Intelligencer February 4, 1918 (page 4)

Ad for Wrigley's gum“Wrigley’s For Your Soldier!

‘Bless the girl! She never forgets to keep me well stocked with Wrigley’s.

Teeth, breath, appetite and digestion all benefit from it. Thirst and fatigue fade away. Pluck returns by its magic aid. After every meal. The Flavour Lasts!”

The Intelligencer February 4, 1918 (page 5)

“A Busy Official. Without doubt the busiest city official these days is Mr. Thos. Wills, Fuel controller, and his position is by no means a sinecure. Saturday and today his office was besieged with citizens who were sorely in need of coal.

One car came in to-day and was soon emptied at the siding where it was placed. Although it was given out in somewhat small quantities, it did not meet the demand. Other cars are on the way to the city, and should reach here tonight or tomorrow morning.

In the meantime the cold weather continues.”


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100 Years Ago: Notice to Coal Consumers, Coal for Belleville, Girls to Train for Farm Work

The Intelligencer February 2, 1918 (page 6)

“NOTICE To Coal Consumers. In order to relieve the present situation, all applications for Hard Coal must be presented at the office of the Local Fuel Commissioners at the City Hall, which office has been established as a clearing station to aid in a more equal distribution of coal until such time as the situation becomes more favourable. By Order, Local Fuel Commissioner.”

The Intelligencer February 2, 1918 (page 6)

“Coal for Belleville. Mr. Thomas Wills, fuel controller of this city, telegraphed to Mr. McHugh, of Pittsburg, Pa., Deputy Fuel Controller of the United States, in reference to coal. Today a reply was received by Mr. Wills, which conveyed the pleasing intelligence that 10 cars were being shipped to Belleville.”

The Intelligencer February 2, 1918 (page 10)

“To Train Girls For Work On Farms. Toronto. Classes to train girls for work on farms are being started by the Department of Agriculture of the Ontario Government. Girls will be trained on farms near the city in the most practical way possible. The first of these classes of these 20 young women will start on Saturday afternoon next, and will be held at Sunnybrook Farm, owned by Mr. Kilgour.

The girls will drive out to the farm, learn to hitch and unhitch the horses, feed the chickens and pigs, do all kinds of chores, and above all, learn to milk. Every Saturday afternoon this training will continue until April 1, when the girls will go out like hired men, to work on farms for six months.”

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100 Years Ago: Food Controller May Charge Hoarders, Christmas Menu for Canadian Soldiers in England, 1914 Soldiers Request Home Furlough, Licence Issued for Grape Nuts, Lance Corporal Robert Clark Awarded D.C.M., Private Wilson Moore Invalided Home

The Intelligencer February 1, 1918 (page 1)

“Food Controller May Deal Drastically With Hoarders. Ottawa. Drastic measures against persons hoarding food are being considered by the food controller. Warning was issued that householders and others may find themselves in an unenviable predicament if spoiled flour is found on their premises. Few homes have proper storage facilities, and persons who have bought large quantities of flour are liable to have it spoil on their hands next summer.

The bakers, who have been in conference this week with the food controller in regard to new regulations governing their operations, have recommended that the food controller communicate with every grocer and with all retail dealers in flour in Canada, requiring from them the names and addresses of persons who have purchased more than a 98-pound bag of flour during the past months.

Furthermore, it is suggested that dealers and grocers, failing to make correct returns, would have very little chance of obtaining a license under the licensing system, which will soon be extended to this trade. The recommendation adds that efforts should be made to prevent serious waste. Such action has been taken where the books of departmental stores have already been examined and summonses have been issued in hundreds of cases against persons who have been ordering food.

‘There is,’ says the food controller, ‘absolutely no necessity or excuse for Canadians buying more flour than is required for current needs. The belief that the new standard flour is a poor quality is entirely unfounded. Few people will be able to tell the difference between bread made from standard flour and that made from flour heretofore in use. Hoarding is therefore, unnecessary, unprofitable and unpatriotic, and food hoarders may be exposed as a result of measures now under consideration.’ ”

The Intelligencer February 1, 1918 (page 2)

“Christmas Day, 1917. MENU for all Canadian troops in training in England.

Breakfast: Rolled Oats, Scrambled Eggs and Bacon, Bread, Butter, Coffee.

Dinner: Scotch Broth, Roast Turkey and Stuffing, Sauce, Mashed Potatoes, Christmas Pudding, Sauce, Apples, Bread.

Supper: Cold Beef, Cold Turkey, Cold Slaw, Salad, Jam, Mince Pies, Blancmange, Bread, Butter, Tea.

God Save The King. C. A. S. C. Ross Barracks, Shorncliffe, Kent.”

[Note: C. A. S. C. = Canadian Army Service Corps.]

The Intelligencer February 1, 1918 (page 4)

“ ‘The Wee Hoose Amang the Heather.’ ‘Blighty’ to the English, Scotch and Irish soldier means home in its fullest sense, but when a Canadian gets a ‘Blighty’ through wounds or otherwise it only means getting away from the war front for a time, unless seriously wounded—his Tommy pals get home leave, but not for him—the ocean rolls wide and deep between him and his loved ones and a visit to Paris or London is about the extent of his holiday from the firing line.

That intense longing to see the home folks is especially strong among the boys of the First Contingent ‘out there’ and when the Canadian War Correspondent, Stewart Lyon, was leaving the front for Canada he was waited upon by a delegation of 1914 soldier boys with a request that he press their claim for a home furlough. They don’t want to pull out. They are ready, yes, anxious, to see it through and carry on; but the time is long and the way is weary with the home folks so far away.

Stewart Lyon is doing what he can for the boys of the old brigade and in his recent address before the Belleville Canadian Club asked the audience to do what they could to make possible this glorious home-coming of the boys who left in 1914 and still ‘carry on’ over there. …  Is it too much to think that the whole military morale of the British army, especially the colonial sections, would be benefitted greatly if the men of the First Contingent were given home furloughs. It is not impossible; it is their reasonable privilege, and with the Military Service Act in operation their places can be taken while they are away.

Put yourself in the soldier’s place who has faced hardship, pain and death for three years and more without a glimpse of his wife and kiddies over the sea. Isn’t there something big and generous coming to him? Or must he be forever bound to the wheel with the red tape of military discipline?”

[Note: ‘The Wee Hoose ‘Mang the Heather’ was the title of a song written in 1912 and sung by Harry Lauder. It was a great favourite of the troops during his wartime performances.]

The Intelligencer February 1, 1918 (page 7)

“License Has Been Issued By the Canadian Government Authorizing the sale, in usual package form, of Grape-Nuts.

Canadians can continue to have their favorite breakfast cereal in the handy, tightly-sealed package to which they have been accustomed.

The Food for These Times. At Grocers Everywhere! Made by Canadian Postum Cereal Co., Ltd., Windsor, Ont.”

The Intelligencer February 1, 1918 (page 7)

“Awarded the D.C.M. Mr. and Mrs. Jno. Clark, of the town line, were delighted last week to receive the news that their son, Lance Corp. Robt. Clark, who went overseas with the 155th battalion, had been awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for conspicuous gallantry in the recent action in Belgium. The pleasing intelligence was forwarded by the officer in command of the Co’y.—Bancroft Times.”

The Intelligencer February 1, 1918 (page 7)

“Did His Bit. Another Hastings County hero has been invalided home in the person of Pte. Wilson Moore, son of Mr. Louis Moore of Faraday township. Wilson went overseas with the 155th battalion, and was through all the important engagements in which the Canadians took part. …  He was struck by a piece of a shell and lost his right leg. He was also wounded in the face by flying shrapnel. This was eight months ago. He is able to get around with the aid of crutches, and is feeling fine.”

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100 Years Ago: Letter of Thanks to Queen Alexandra School, Ad for Clapp’s Wartime Ginger Snaps

The Intelligencer January 31, 1918 (page 2)

“Christmas Box From The Old School. School Days Recalled to the Soldier By Dainty Box of Christmas Cheer. The following letter to the principal, staff and scholars of Queen Alexandra school from a former pupil now ‘doing his bit’ overseas is interesting:

France, Jan. 3, 1918. Dear Mr. Mott, the Staff and Pupils of Queen Alexandra School: Received the Christmas box which was so kindly sent by the school and I would ask that you convey my sincere thanks to the school and to the ladies who assisted you in packing them. The box came in perfect condition and not a single thing was broken or spoiled.

I was in the trenches when it came to me and as I was feeling very tired it just touched the right spot in more ways than one, and after having such an excellent treat I felt like a new man.

Since coming to France two months ago I have had a great deal of experience and have learned many things which I shall never forget. I have had several close calls but so far I have escaped untouched. I have already met several of the old school boys, among them Gar. Arnott.

At present we are settled down in a small French village where we have things quite comfortable. At present I am taking a scouting course, which requires some study, and this reminds me of my old school days at Q.A.S.

At my first opportunity I shall write you a long letter and explain things more fully. Thanking you all again for your very thoughtful and much appreciated kindness, and wishing the school a Happy New Year, Your old pupil of 1913, PTE. CLINTON BRICKMAN.”

The Intelligencer January 31, 1918 (page 8)

Ad for Clapp's Ginger Snaps“Clapp’s War-time ‘Snappy’ Ginger Snaps. These are the same as we have always made, with the exception that one-third whole wheat flour is used.

Some made fresh today, pure, wholesome, fresh and snappy. 25¢ a lb. Try them!

Chas. S. Clapp.”

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100 Years Ago: Belleville Coal Situation Relieved

The Intelligencer January 30, 1918 (page 5)

“Coal Situation Relieved. The coal situation in this city was considerably relieved today by the arrival here of a few cars of hard coal and a couple of cars of soft coal. One car of soft coal was yesterday procured from the G. T. R. yard here.

Twelve tons of hard coal were this morning taken out of the cellar of a residence on West Bridge street, on order of the owner, who, with members of his family is away for the winter.”

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100 Years Ago: Belleville Fuel Committee Meets with Coal Dealers

The Intelligencer January 29, 1918 (page 1)

“Fuel Committee Confers with Coal Dealers. At the Council Chamber yesterday afternoon the Fuel Committee of the City Council, composed of Mayor Platt, Aldermen Robinson and Parks, and Mr. T. H. Wills, fuel controller of the city, met the coal merchants of the city for the purpose of discussing and considering the coal situation in this city.

The coal dealers present were Messrs. A. P. Allen, Jas. Lynch, J. Gallagher, W. N. Belair, J. Downey and F. S. Anderson.

Mayor Platt presided over the gathering and outlined the object of calling the meeting, namely, to see what could be done to procure coal. Mr. Wills read a document which outlined the duties of a fuel controller and showed what measures could be taken to conserve fuel. The coal merchants by combining could do much to relieve present necessities.

Ald. Robinson referred to the fact that the Railway and Municipal Board had endorsed the city bylaw and the city was now empowered to start a civic fuel department.

The various coal dealers present stated that they had made every effort to keep citizens supplied with coal, but at the present time there was but a few tons of hard coal in the city, possibly enough for two or three days delivery. The question of supplying farmers with coal was referred to and the dealers stated that they were only supplying coal to farmers who had no wood whatever to burn.

Mr. A. P. Allen suggested that the fuel controller of the country be telephoned to ascertain if it was not possible to have some coal sent in here right away. The suggestion was endorsed by several of those present and the Mayor was asked to telephone to the Fuel Controller’s office at Ottawa. This he did.

Later it was ascertained that as a result of the action taken by the Mayor it was agreed to have two or three cars of hard coal sent to the city as soon as it was possible to do so.”

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100 Years Ago: Wood Fuel to Relieve Coal Shortage, Merwin Wilkins Given Farewell Party

The Intelligencer January 28, 1918 (page 4)

“The Commission of Conservation has just issued a circular to the press on the coal situation, pointing out the possibilities of wood as a substitute, particularly in Eastern Canada.

Coal scarcity will continue while the war lasts, with possibly worse conditions next winter, in the opinion of the Commission, which urges immediate action in having cut, piled and stored as much firewood as possible to save the coal. …

The great question in regard to wood is that of labor, employment being so plentiful, according to all reports, that it is just a matter of choice, and few men unaccustomed to the bush would voluntarily choose the job of woodcutter. Many of Canada’s best bushmen are away overseas in forestry battalions, but there are still many men available for a wood-cutting campaign on quite a large scale, and now is the time for cutting so that the snow can be utilized for drawing, and big reserve supplies piled up to season for summer, fall and winter use.

Farmers with their help who have been generously treated by the military exemption tribunals can do their bit by joining heartily in a wood cutting campaign, especially as the prices available promise a highly profitable venture.

The fuel famine in Belleville is very real and serious and many families, if not actually suffering, are daily scraping the bottom of coal bins and being doled out half a ton at a time.

The appointment of a City Fuel Controller does not end the responsibility of the City Council. Action should be taken now to provide for present needs and anticipate a fuel famine next winter—ACTION, not words or resolutions.”

The Intelligencer January 28, 1918 (page 5)

“Presented with Wrist Watch. Merwin Wilkins, who resided on Octavia street and was in the employ of the Canadian Northern Express Co., has reported at Kingston for military duty. On Wednesday evening Pte. Wilkins was guest of Honor at a farewell party given at the residence of Mr. W. Merritt, North Front street, and was presented with a wrist watch as a token of the esteem of his friends, members of the local staff of the Canadian, Dominion and Canadian Northern Express Companies.”

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