100 Years Ago: Volunteers Needed for Food Production, George Tilley Wounded, Returned Soldier Saves Five from Flood, 18,000 Ontario Boys Respond for Farm Work, Poster for Food Production

The Intelligencer March 26, 1918 (page 4)

“Are You a Slacker? The only thing that balks German ambition is the Battle Line in France, and—the British Navy. The only thing that sustains our men on land and sea is FOOD.

The call has been sounded for volunteers to man the second main line of defence—the food line. The heroes who are facing the human torrent in France and standing between us and economic and industrial slavery must be fed, and also the brave warriors on watch day and night in fair and stormy weather on the seas.

On another page of this issue will be found a stirring appeal from the Organization of Resources Committee of Ontario stating the situation in plain words which can not be misunderstood.

Are you ready to do your whole duty in this national emergency, or will you be a SLACKER, a selfish burden to the nation in its hour of need?

Choose this day whom ye will serve—SELF, THE KAISER, or the CAUSE OF HUMANITY, LIBERTY AND RIGHTEOUSNESS.”

The Intelligencer March 26, 1918 (page 5)

“Arrived Home. Private George Tilley, who went overseas with the 155th Battalion from Belleville arrived home yesterday. He was quite seriously wounded in a battle at Vimy Ridge, but is recovering.”

The Intelligencer March 26, 1918 (page 5)

“A Brave Soldier. Pte. H. Alexander, 59006, of the 21st Battalion, a returned soldier has proved that he is a hero in more ways than one. When the flood was at its height he succeeded in carrying through the surging waters to a place of safety five persons who might otherwise have been drowned. His brave act was witnessed by a number of spectators and was favorably commented upon.”

The Intelligencer March 26, 1918 (page 7)

“Ontario Boys Respond to Call. Toronto. The drive for boy recruits for work upon the farms this spring and summer has already been carried beyond the objective set, though complete returns for the past week’s campaign have not been received. From reports available thus far the provincial organization is able to announce the enlistment of between 18,000 and 19,000 boys who are ready to do patriotic service in helping production. Ontario’s objective was 15,000. …

During the week’s campaign organizers visited every collegiate and High school in the Province, with result that 70 per cent of all the boys in attendance enrolled. An encouraging feature of the drive was that of the boys between 15 and 19 whose help was especially sought 96 per cent were enlisted. …

In addition to the boys already enrolled it is expected that there will be a considerable increase from young fellows now employed, who will leave their present posts for more essential work.

The campaign in Ontario was under the direction of W. R. Cook of the National Council of the Y. M. C. A., who had the assistance of the Y. M. C. A. organization in making the drive a success.”

The Intelligencer March 26, 1918 (page 9)

“Lack of Food—Threatens the Battle Line. The Heart of This Problem is Labour. Without More Farm Labour More Food Cannot be Produced. If you really want to serve your Country in a big practical way, register now for farm labour, or urge or assist your male employees to do so.”

By | March 26th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Intelligencer War News, Poster for Food Production

The Intelligencer March 25, 1918 (page 4)

“Intelligencer War News.The great battle raging on the Western front has excited the keenest interest everywhere and again riveted close personal attention upon the seriousness of the German menace. Belleville, in common with all other Canadian communities, has felt the shock of conflict and the war news is eagerly read day by day and discussed on the streets and in the homes with intense interest.

The war news furnished daily by The Intelligencer to a host of readers is being very favorably commented upon for presenting in concise form the history-making events taking place on the Western front. The Intelligencer is exclusively served by The Canadian Press, Limited, with cable news from correspondents right in the war zone and chronicles daily every important happening up to the hour of going to press at four o’clock in the afternoon.

The bulletin service of The Intelligencer is also greatly appreciated and yesterday the office was besieged all day by crowds of anxious citizens eager to ascertain how the great battle was going. A special telegraph bulletin service was maintained all day to the great satisfaction of the citizens. In addition to this many telephone calls were answered and the progress of the battle announced over the wire to those at a distance. …

The Intelligencer will bend every effort to give the public the best war news service obtainable, and that this spirit is appreciated is evidenced by the fact that it seems impossible to print enough papers each day to supply the steadily increasing demand.”

The Intelligencer March 25, 1918 (page 6)

“A Week of Dedication and Preparation for the Solemn Duty Of Greater Food Production Commencing March 24th.

So imminent is disaster to the cause of the Allies through starvation—that the special Proclamation His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor, as reproduced here, has been made to —All County Councils to convene an extraordinary meeting on March 23rd to discuss ways to increase Food Production.—All clergymen to proclaim from their pulpits on March 24th the terrible truths of the 1918 food situation.—All citizens to co-operate loyally in the sacred cause of producing more Food this year.

The Crisis is with us—the time of Sowing is at Hand—the responsibility upon Ontario is great.”

By | March 25th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: County Council Discusses Food Production and Grant to Y.M.C.A., Income War Tax, Canada to Aid Vimy, Cultivation of Vacant Lots and Home Gardens, Corporal Clarke to Return, Flood in West Belleville, Medal Awarded to Hero William Frederick Bedell Given to Mother, Poster for Soldiers of the Soil

The Intelligencer March 23, 1918 (page 1)

“A special meeting of Hastings County Council was convened in this city yesterday, presided over by Thos. Montgomery, Reeve of Rawdon township. The meeting was called in pursuance of a proclamation of the Lieut.-Governor of Ontario, calling County Councils together for the purpose of discussing the all important matter of greater food production.

At the opening session Mr. J. H. Yeomans, representing the Organization of Resources Committee of the Province of Ontario, addressed the Council on the aims and methods for increased production. One of the principal crops required this year is wheat, and every farmer is asked to sow at least five acres of wheat above that sown in previous years. …

In regard to seed wheat the department has purchased 50,000 bushels of Marquis spring wheat, the most desirable kind for Ontario, to supplement the supply of seed already in the province. The seed will be distributed to various centres throughout the province in car-load lots, and from these centres will be shipped in smaller quantities to individual farmers. …

Mr. D. V. Sinclair asked for a grant of $10,000 from Hastings County Council for Y.M.C.A. war work at the front. The speaker stated that that amount had been apportioned to this county. Mr. Sinclair gave a detailed account of the use the money would be put to. …

Warden Montgomery stated that the Council should take some action in regard to the appeal made for a grant of $10,000 to the Y.M.C.A. for comforts for the boys overseas. Personally, he would favor the grant, which would only mean a slight increase in the taxation. …  Mr. Sills said he could not support a grant of $10,000, but he would support a substantial grant. If the County of Hastings gave a grant of $5,000 it would be equal to a grant of $15,000 or $20,000 given by other counties. …  The resolution of Mr. Sills re a grant of $5,000 to the Y.M.C.A. was adopted.”

The Intelligencer March 23, 1918 (page 2)

“Equal Privileges Equal Sacrifices. Canada’s war government could hardly have stopped at selective conscription of man power. Selective conscription of wealth, on the basis of ability to pay, was a corollary that sooner or later had to be adopted as an integral part of our war machine. And so the income war tax came into being.

Like the law conscripting the manpower of the nation, the income war tax is based on the axiom that equal privileges of citizenship demand equal sacrifices. And like the law conscripting the man-power of the nation, the income war tax is designed to bear least heavily on those least able to conform to its provisions and most heavily on those best able to bear the burden of its demands. Its fairness is at once its justification and its charter of success. …

Penalties have been provided for non-fulfilment of the provisions of the act. But the Canadian people are a unit in their determination to carry the war to a successful conclusion and it is not anticipated that these will have to be invoked in the application of this most necessary measure.”

The Intelligencer March 23, 1918 (page 2)

“Canada To Comfort Devastated Vimy. There is pride and pleasure in Canada’s active participation in the rebuilding of stricken France, but the imagination is particularly touched because the town we selected through the Secours National has been granted to us and that town is one where Canada won her greatest laurels in April, 1917. …  In the hands of the Secours National that has done so much work for the French Red Cross, we can be assured that no effort will be spared to plan the new town most carefully and to raise a fitting memorial, providing funds are forthcoming.

Contributions so far have been generous, because the object appeals so strongly to those who have had relatives or friends fallen in the fight, but it must be remembered that only by the united effort of the whole people can the scheme be made completely successful.”

The Intelligencer March 23, 1918 (page 6)

“Vacant Lots and Back Yard Gardens. By Frederick Abraham, Chairman, Vacant Lot and Back Yard Garden Section, Canada Food Board. The production of food was never of more vital importance than in the year 1918. The food situation of the world is not only grave today but it will be increasingly so during the progress of the war and for a considerable time thereafter. …

The workers should be grouped on land as near their homes as possible. In this connection it will be found that, except in rare cases, the average individual, otherwise employed, has only sufficient time and strength to cultivate a lot 50 x 100 feet. It is desirable that the growth of standard vegetables only should be encouraged such as potatoes, beets, carrots, peas, beans, lettuce, onions, parsnips, etc. These are high in food value and are easily grown by those who will volunteer for this work, many of whom will be amateurs. …

It is the intention of the Board to again prohibit the eating of canned vegetables, in Eastern Canada to October 15th, in Western Canada to November 1st, 1918. This will further emphasize the necessity of garden production on the widest possible scale.

In many places very effective work was done by the firemen and the police. Their gardens were often models in this connection and an incentive to other groups.”

The Intelligencer March 23, 1918 (page 7)

“Corp. Clarke Returning. Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Clarke, 93 Front Street, received a telegram last evening from their son, Corp. E. Melville Clarke, stating that he had arrived at Halifax, and would be home in a few days. Corp. Clarke is one of the ‘Firsts’ having left Belleville in August, 1914, under the command of Lt.-Col. O’Flynn and Major Ponton with whom he served in the ‘Fighting Second,’ and afterwards under the late Cap’t. ‘Billy’ Hudson.

He took part in all the engagements of this battalion for over two years, when he was forced to leave the line owing to a breakdown in his health and has since been attached to the staff of Bear Wood Convalescent Hospital, Wokingham, England.”

The Intelligencer March 23, 1918 (page 7)

“Inconvenience to Residents. Residents in the western portion of the city were last night inconvenienced to a considerable extent owing to the flooded conditions of the streets. The warm weather yesterday caused a heavy flow of water from off Coleman flats, and this flowed over Boswell Street and Moira Street to a depth of a foot, making it impossible for pedestrians to navigate Coleman Street.

Henry and Catherine Streets were also flooded to such an extent that residents in order to reach their homes had to be conveyed in vehicles which were kept in operation until the close of the entertainment in the Opera House. The situation today was much improved.”

The Intelligencer March 23, 1918 (page 7)

“Young Hero Honored At Stirling. An important ceremony took place at Stirling last evening in the presentation to Mrs. Ida Bedell of the Military Medal won by her soldier son, Pte. W. F. Bedell, who gave his life for his King and country at the battle of Passchendaele, after winning distinction for outstanding bravery on the field of action which was rewarded with royal recognition. Mrs. Bedell, the mother of the young hero, resides at Harold, but the patriotic citizens of Stirling arranged a public ceremony.

The Stirling Town Hall was filled to the doors, and the ceremony was solemn and impressive. Brigadier General T. D. R. Hemming of Kingston, made the presentation, and spoke with deep feeling and eloquence of the heroic deeds of the young soldier, who gave his life so gallantly in the great cause of world freedom.

Lt. Col. E. D. O’Flynn, of Belleville, made a stirring patriotic speech with eloquent reference to the heroism of the young soldier. Dr. Bissonette of Stirling, also spoke feelingly and the chair was ably filled by Thos. Montgomery, Reeve of Rawdon Township, and Warden of Hastings County. A musical program was also given.”

[Note: Lance Corporal William Frederick Bedell died on November 24, 1917. He is commemorated on Page 199 of the First World War Book of Remembrance.]

The Intelligencer March 23, 1918 (page 9)

“Heed The Call BOYS! This is your opportunity to serve your King and Country—Enlist right now in the S. O. S. Soldiers of the Soil.

You couldn’t look the boys who are going straight in the eye if you proved a slacker in this emergency. 25,000 boys are wanted in Canada—15,000 from Ontario—from 15 to 19 years of age.

Thousands of Ontario boys made good on the farms last year and earned from $12.00 to $30.00 a month and board. You can, too. A Bronze Badge of Honour will be awarded for three months’ service—Show your mettle by earning the right to wear this war decoration.

Canada Food Board, Ottawa. Shun!—Eyes Right. Hands Right. Hearts Right—Boys of the Farm Brigade!”


By | March 23rd, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Poster for Soldiers of the Soil, Jack Wallbridge Returns

The Intelligencer March 22, 1918 (page 5)

“200,000 Soldiers Can Be Fed By 25,000 Boys. A boy, working on a farm, can produce, every day, food sufficient to feed eight soldiers—estimating that a boy does half the work of a man.

The 25,000 boys wanted for the S.O.S. Soldiers of the Soil could feed 200,000 Canadian soldiers every day. That would, indeed, be work well done—for there is desperate need of food overseas.

Farm work is not an easy job to tackle. It will test your mettle. But no real Canadian boy, who has any brothers, relatives or friends overseas, will hesitate about going on the farm and ‘doing his bit’ in this grave emergency.

Canada Food Board, Ottawa. Pack the Farm Battalions—From the Front Rank to the Rear.”

The Intelligencer March 22, 1918 (page 7)

“Youthful Warrior Returns. Private Jack Wallbridge, youngest son of Mrs. John Wallbridge, Massassaga, is home from the front. He enlisted in the 254th Quinties Own Battalion, Belleville, December, 1916. Transferred as a volunteer to the 243rd Highland Battalion, Kingston. Left for overseas April, 1917. He was drafted from the 5th Canadian Reserve Battalion into France in August, served three months in the front line as a bomber, also as stretcher bearer, during the Passchendaele battle.

Private Wallbridge was recalled by his family, owing to his extreme youth being only sixteen years of age. He is now awaiting his discharge, and will continue to serve his country in the greater food production at his home on the farm.”


By | March 22nd, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Sons of Soil in Khaki Uniform, Poster for Soldiers of the Soil, First Contingent Soldiers Return, More “First Men” Arrive

The Intelligencer March 21, 1918 (page 1)

“ ‘Sons of Soil’ in Khaki Uniform. Ottawa. The Canada Food Board has approved of a standard uniform for the older boy soldiers of the soil, who are being enlisted this week in most of the Provinces for service on the farms. The uniform is smart and at the same time well suited to farm work. It consists of the shirt and pants of militia khaki with brass S.O.S. buttons. They will be sold to the boys, by retailers, at $3.50 per suit, or separately at $1.70 for the shirt and $1.80 for the pants. In addition to the suit the uniform will also consist of a harvester straw hat, pinned up at one side with a one-inch red, white and blue band.

The appearance of the entire uniform is neat and attractive, despite the fact that little regard has been had for its ability. The Board has also approved of the bronze badge of honor which will be awarded to every soldier of the soil who completes three months of satisfactory service on a farm this year. The badges will be presented during the summer at public gatherings. All boys between the ages of thirteen and nineteen are eligible for the badges.”

The Intelligencer March 21, 1918 (page 6)

“When Mother Says: ‘Do you want to go, Son?’ Think of the other Canadian boys, just a few years older, who are holding the fighting line in France, exposed to shot and shell, rain and cold, mud and dust. You wouldn’t feel worthy to shake hands with them when they come back unless you, too, did something big—self-sacrificing—and difficult—to help win the war.

The call to fill the ranks of the Soldiers of the Soil is your big war opportunity. The crucial need of the Allies today is food—more food—and yet more food—so to mother

Speak right up and say: ‘I’m proud to join the S.O.S. Soldiers of the Soil.

Canada Food Board, Ottawa.

The Intelligencer March 21, 1918 (page 7)

“Home on Furlough. In addition to the names published in The Intelligencer yesterday of returned heroes others arriving here were gunners Geo. Hope and Harry Dillnut, Ptes. Geo. Lancaster and Jas. Gordon, all of whom were members of the 1st Canadian contingent. The two former left Belleville with the 34th Battery and both saw considerable fighting. Pte. Leslie Gordon, of this city, who went overseas with the 59th Battalion also arrived home.”

The Intelligencer March 21, 1918 (page 7)

“ ‘First Men’ Arrive. Mayor Platt, Col. Ponton, and Richard Arnott, constituted a civic reception committee which welcomed returned soldiers arriving in Belleville yesterday on the G. T. R. flyer. Among a number who left the train here was George Lancaster, one of the original ‘First’ who left here when the war began. He gained fame and honor as the Bomber of the 2nd Battalion in which capacity he gave Fritz many an uneasy moment, and was the father of many military funerals behind the Hun lines. Bomber Lancaster crossed the sea with Major Dick Ponton and Major Ed. O’Flynn. He has two brothers in France, one of whom is now in hospital with fifteen wounds.

Other returned men greeted by the representatives of the citizens were Pte. Oulson, of Allisonville, a member of the 2nd Battalion and a ‘First’; Corp. Hill, of Madoc, with the 21st Batt., Pte. Anson, of the 59th Batt., and several of the 155th boys going to Campbellford.”

By | March 21st, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Few First Contingent Soldiers Return to Belleville Area, Colors of 80th Battalion to Be Placed in St. Thomas’ Church, Flood in Belleville, Poster for Soldiers of the Soil, Forestry Service Overseas, Poster for Royal Flying Corps

The Intelligencer March 20, 1918 (page 1)

“Soldiers Returned. Mayor Platt and others of this city yesterday made every effort to ascertain if there were any Bellevillians of the first contingent, who were returning home, but their efforts proved fruitless. A few of our boys did however arrive here at an early hour this morning, but the time of their arrival was not announced and a reception could not be accorded them.

They were, however, not members of the first contingent, in fact some had only been overseas but a short time. Those from the city and vicinity who arrived were Sergt. MacDonald, Privates G. Ward, S. Ray, G. Gorman, Gunners Hopkins, McBride and Privates Coughlin, A. Chapman, Pte. Kiser, O’Brien and Sanders.”

The Intelligencer March 20, 1918 (page 1)

“Depositing of Colors. At the morning service at St. Thomas’ Church on Sunday April 28th the colors of the 80th Battalion will be deposited in the church for safe-keeping. His Lordship Bishop Bidwell of Kingston will be present and conduct the service, which will be of an impressive nature. The colors, it will be remembered, were the gift of the Ketcheson families in this district to the battalion previous to going overseas.”

The Intelligencer March 20, 1918 (page 1)

“Flood Conditions. At the hour of 2  o’clock this afternoon there was scarcely any change to note in the situation of that portion of the west side of Front Street flooded yesterday owing to the water in the Moira River overflowing its banks on account of the ice jam. The ice was still held intact at the footbridge but it was apparent that a break was liable to occur at any time. This field of ice extends from the foot bridge to some distance beyond the upper bridge.

From Lazier’s mill on the Canifton Road to Corbyville there is a considerable field of ice and this is liable to come down at any time. Should it arrive before the present jam has been carried down to the mouth of the river more trouble and inconvenience will certainly ensue.

Pedestrians on the west side of the river to-day were compelled to reach Front Street either by way of the upper or lower bridge as water to a depth of two or three feet is in the gangway leading to the foot bridge from Front Street. During last night the jam of ice moved slightly, but was held owing to the firm condition of the ice just below the lower bridge. Back yards from the foot bridge to the upper bridge are still covered with water as are many of the basements of stores in that section. Some of the merchants were compelled to have stoves placed in their stores as furnaces were extinguished by high water.”

The Intelligencer March 20, 1918 (page 5)

“When Father Says: ‘My Son—What are you going to do in the Great War? What will your answer be? Remember, there are millions of women and children in Britain, France and Italy, not to mention the fighting men, who face starvation unless more food is produced in Canada this year.

The boys of Canada have a great responsibility to shoulder. They must form an army of food producers 25,000 strong, to help meet this war emergency.

Come right back and say: ‘I’m joining up with the S. O. S. Soldiers of the Soil.’ Canada Food Board, Ottawa.”

The Intelligencer March 20, 1918 (page 7)

“With the Foresters. Capt. Fleming has received an interesting letter from his son, Lieut. Alan S. Fleming on active service duty in the Forestry service overseas. Lieut. Fleming went overseas in April 1916 with 1,600 men and the force has been increased to 1,800 and is rendering valuable service to the cause of the Allies. He received his commission overseas being promoted for merit and is now on the personal staff of Gen. MacDougall, Officer Commanding.

Lt. Fleming speaks very highly in his letter of the military record and the personal popularity of Capt. ‘Bill’ Schuster who has been in charge of the traffic department of the Forestry Unit since it arrived in the Old Country and was so successful in that capacity that he was promoted from Lieutenant to Captain with good prospects of a Majority.

Capt. Schuster is at present home on furlough and expects to return to active duty in the near future. Capt. Schuster is highly esteemed by the military authorities overseas as a capable officer and his unfailing good nature and cheery optimism has won him great popularity with the men of the Forestry Unit rank and file. Lieut. Fleming speaks very highly of Capt. Schuster’s kindness to him.”

The Intelligencer March 20, 1918 (page 7)

“Knights of the Air. Never since the world began have valor, bravery and dash been held so high as they are to-day, among the men of the R.F.C. Heroes all, and comrades staunch, fearless as the knights of old, to be with them inspires young men of spirit to be like them, courageous, noble, strong.

Imperial Royal Flying Corps. Recruiting Office, A. R. Walker, Public Library, Belleville.”



By | March 20th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Salvation Army Tag Day Successful, First Contingent Soldiers in Canada, Bank Clerks to Report, Poster for 15,000 Boys to Work on Ontario Farms, Canadian Club Planning Soldiers’ Reception, W. C. Mikel First Speaker

The Intelligencer March 19, 1918 (page 3)

“Salvation Army Tag Day Realized Large Sum of $640.25. The Salvation Army, Pinnacle St., March 19th, 1918. To the Editor of The Intelligencer.

Dear Sir:—Will you kindly permit me on behalf of the officers and members of the local corps of the Salvation Army to extend our sincere thanks and appreciation to Mrs. Waters for her valuable assistance in the organizing and management of the Tag Day effort, to the different captains and their assistants, the principals and teachers of the schools, the press for such liberal space given to advertising of the effort, the different firms who gave such splendid assistance to the effort by donating space in their advertising columns, to Mr. Forhan, manager of Griffin’s Opera House for slide announcements at both houses, and last but by no means least the school scholars, and the public who gave so liberally and made our appeal such a splendid success.

I am confident they will receive their reward, for it says in the good book that a cup of cold water given in His name will receive its reward and when the boys come marching home they will tell you of the comfort the huts were to them. Again thanking you one and all, I remain yours sincerely, Thos. D. Ruston, Treasurer.”

The Intelligencer March 19, 1918 (page 4)

“See the Conquering Hero Comes. The boys of the First Contingent are in Canada again—some of them. Many sleep beneath the poppies which keep watch and ward with the wooden crosses, row on row, marking the resting places of heroes in Flanders. Others are holding the line till their pals get back from this longed-for visit to the home folks.

With hearts bursting with joy, pride of achievement, and glory in being just Canadians, the First boys are back in their beloved Canada and greeting their loved ones after the long and weary vigil on Flanders Plains. …

No welcome can be too warm for these heroes who answered the first alarm calling the Empire to arms. Let us be worthy of our glorious defenders and give them no cause to feel that their sacrifices have been unappreciated.

There will be welcomes, grand and inspiring, but the first and best welcome will be when the soldier boy swings back the gate of cottage or castle home and with a shout rushes into the loving arms of those nearer and dearer than life itself.”

The Intelligencer March 19, 1918 (page 5)

“Boys—Here’s a Real Job for You. Starvation faces millions of the women and children of our Allies. The cry reaches Canada for food, more food and yet more food. Canadian farmers are willing to raise every pound of food the soil will yield. But it takes plenty of work to plant, cultivate and harvest the grain and roots.

S.O.S. Soldiers of the Soil. 15,000 boys, from 15 to 19, must be obtained in Ontario to help in this emergency. Enrolment Week, March 17th to 23rd. Enrol with your School Principal, or Enrolment Officer whose name will be announced in the local press.

Canada Food Board, Ottawa. Become A Soldier of the Soil.”

The Intelligencer March 19, 1918 (page 7)

“Men of First Contingent. The men’s Canadian Club is arranging a reception to the Belleville soldiers of the First Contingent who are returning on furlough. Relatives of friends of first contingent men returning will kindly send their addresses and the names of the soldiers expected and when, to Dr. Yeomans, of the Men’s Canadian Club.”

The Intelligencer March 19, 1918 (page 7)

“The First Gun Fired. W. C. Mikel, K.C., one of the ‘Five-Minute Men’ of the Confidence and Production Army, gave a pleasing rapid-fire address between the acts of ‘Pom-Pom’ at Griffin’s Theatre last evening upon the necessity of banishing war weariness and speeding up our will to win the war and desire to help in overcoming forever the German menace.”


By | March 19th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Poster for Boys for Farm Work, Soldiers of the Soil, Appeal to Ontario Farmers, Patriotic Tea at Belleville Club

The Intelligencer March 18, 1918 (page 2)

“Can’t You Hear Them Calling—Boys? The Soldiers of the Soil need 15,000 of you in Ontario to swell their ranks and produce food for your brother soldiers overseas. Starvation and defeat face the Allies unless more food is sent from Canada this year.

Boys, this is your grand opportunity to do your bit. You’re too young to serve in the trenches, but you can do something big—self-sacrificing—on the farm. For 3 months’ service on the farm, a Bronze Badge of Honour will be awarded. Make up your mind to win one.

Join Up! Join Up! Your Country’s Calling You! Canada Food Board, Ottawa.”

The Intelligencer March 18, 1918 (page 4)

“The Soldiers of the Soil. This is enrolment week for the Soldiers of the Soil in Canada, when it is hoped that at least 25,000 boys between the ages of fifteen and nineteen will enroll under the banner of Food Production and gladly pledge themselves to assist in the great conflict against German aggression by working on the farms to provide food for the soldiers on the firing line. …

The experiment last season of boy labor on the farms was so successful that plans for this season resulted in the present Soldiers of the Soil movement which, on a much larger and more efficient scale, will bring to the aid of the sorely pressed farmers thousands of boys whose work will be doubly valuable because inspired with true British patriotism. …

Canada is calling to its ‘teen age boys, and they are coming a-running. Heroes many, slackers few. ‘Teen age boys can enroll all this week as Soldiers of the Soil at the Y.M.C.A. building. Y.M.C.A. Secretary Brockel is already out organizing the boys of the district as far east as Cornwall, and with his well-known energy and enthusiasm is bound to meet with abundant success.”

The Intelligencer March 18, 1918 (page 4)

“Special Appeal to Ontario Farmers. With a view to doing its part in the monster greater production campaign under organization by the Dominion Government, the Ontario Department of Agriculture has issued 20,000 large advertising cards calling upon farmers and others to exert every effort on behalf of food production during the coming year. These cards have been distributed to railway stations, post offices, schools and stores throughout the Province.

In addition to the cards, 100,000 pamphlets consisting of four pages of printed matter, setting forth the Government’s aim toward a greater spring wheat production, and giving instructions in regard to the preparation of soils for this purpose have been issued. …

The movement toward registration of labor for agricultural purposes is well under way, and within a short time, it is expected that every man, woman and child, of workable age, will be asked to prove their loyalty to the Empire by working upon the land in the interests of greater production. As this is a Dominion project, the Ontario Government’s part in the scheme will be to place its share of the labor secured by registration.”

The Intelligencer March 18, 1918 (page 6)

“Patriotic Tea. The tea given by Mrs. Hyman’s Knitting circle at the Belleville Club on Saturday afternoon, in aid of the Women’s Red Cross and Patriotic Association was a great success and $120 was made to buy yarn for socks for the men in the trenches. The beautiful sweater coat donated by Miss Jessie Neilson was drawn for, and little Miss Gwen Lazier drew the lucky ticket, No. 43 giving the coat to Mrs. Gain, 302 Bleecker Ave. The prizes for the guessing contest were won by Mrs. Bird, Miss Downey and Miss McKay.”

By | March 18th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Address of Parcels for Prisoners of War, Five-Minute Men Encourage Participation, Ad for Gillette, Patriotic Concert at Gilead, Private James Lancaster Wounded, Salvation Army Tag Day, Poster for Soldiers of the Soil

The Intelligencer March 16, 1918 (page 2)

“Address of Parcels For War Prisoners. Ottawa. The German Authorities have issued a memorandum to the effect that parcels for Prisoners of War interned in Germany must be addressed to the ‘parent’ (or main) camps to which the prisoners belong and must not bear the names of any branch or working camps or any other place to which the prisoner might be detailed for special services.

The memorandum states that prisoners who have been detailed for services outside the ‘parent’ camps have been enjoined by the German Authorities from the very first, to inform in this sense any relations or other persons from whom they expect to receive postal parcels. Parcels for Prisoners of War in hospitals also come within the meaning of these regulations.

In the interests of the prisoners it is therefore essential that these regulations should be strictly adhered to as otherwise the German Authorities will not deliver the parcels to the Prisoners of War for which they are intended, and it is suggested that persons in Canada when writing to prisoners in Germany should ascertain definitely the name of the ‘parent’ (or main) camp so that they can comply with the regulations of the German Authorities in addressing parcels to prisoners. R. M. Coulter, Deputy Postmaster General.”

The Intelligencer March 16, 1918 (page 4)

“Daddy, What Did You Do in the War? ‘Peptimism’ is a new word coined by one of the speakers of the War Lecture Bureau in connection with the Greater Production Movement. Pessimism is creeping in and there is need of a liberal injection of ‘Peptimism’ to get the people right up on their toes again purged of war weariness and determined to make Canada’s participation in the war a living sacrifice of joy from the grass roots up with everybody trying to do their bit—a big bit if possible—but even a little bit.

One thousand speakers all over Canada have volunteered as ‘Five-Minute-Men’ and in five minute rapid-fire talks will spread the gospel of ‘Peptimism’ in theatres, movies, concerts and public gatherings of all kinds.

Mr. Frank Yeigh is the officer commanding the ‘Five-Minute-Men’ Battalion and as he is a human dynamo of condensed force it looks as if the movement would accomplish all that is intended.

Pro-German and Pacifist influences are working quietly in Canada—the poison is being introduced in various ways, but the Five-Minute-Men are prepared to inoculate the people against infection. The end of the war is in sight, but if that end is not to be the end of freedom the final effort of the Allies must be the greatest.

The biggest question for the Stay-at-Homes is food production. How about that back-yard garden? Are you studying the seed catalogues and reading up on intensive farming? Wake up and get in the game!

Peptimism is the word—Pep for short—but get it, short or long.”

The Intelligencer March 16, 1918 (page 6)

“Canada Musters Her Manhood. Since our gallant First Contingent sailed to join the ‘Old Contemptibles’ in Flanders, Canada has answered every call for ‘more men.’ Her latest and perhaps most timely response is the new ‘Selected Army’—men worthy to reinforce the Divisions that upset precedent and astonished military Europe.

The shaving equipment issued to your boy or your friend in our Canadian Army must be on a par with his fighting equipment and clothing! Ask your Dealer to show you the new Gillette Military Sets!

Gillette Safety Razor Co. of Canada, Limited.”

The Intelligencer March 16, 1918 (page 7)

“Patriotic Concert. At St. Andrew’s Church, Gilead, Thurlow township, last evening, under the auspices of the Red Cross Union Jack Circle of Gilead, a concert was held, which was largely attended. A splendid programme was provided and thoroughly appreciated by all present. Mr. W. C. Mikel, K.C., of this city was chairman filling the position in a most acceptable manner.”

The Intelligencer March 16, 1918 (page 7)

“Pte. Lancaster Wounded. Mrs. E. Lancaster, residing at 95 Station street, received the following message from Ottawa:—’Sincerely regret to inform you that (454519) Pte. Jas. C. Lancaster, infantry, is officially reported admitted to fourth General Hospital, Camiers, March 5, 1918, gunshot wounds left arm, buttock, legs. Director of Records.

Pte. Lancaster lived in Belleville and was a sergeant-instructor in the army, which position he relinquished to go to France in November last as a private.”

The Intelligencer March 16, 1918 (page 7)

“S. A. Tag Day. The Salvation Army with the assistance of those interested in war work have been selling ‘Tags’ today in aid of their ‘Soldiers’ Huts and Comforts.’ It is to be hoped that a goodly sum will be realized. A collection was made in the public schools in the city, which netted over $131.00.

Those in charge of the Tag Day collection are: Organizer, Mrs. Waters, Quinte Chapter; Captains, Mrs. Clarke, Patriotic; Mrs. Ritchie, Salvation Army; Miss Falkiner, C.D.C.A.; Mrs. Ray, Y’S; Mrs. Allen, Argyll Chapter; Mrs. MacColl, St. Julien Chapter; Gordon Robertson, Boy Scouts; Harold Coppin, Y. M. C. A.”

The Intelligencer March 16, 1918 (page 12)

“15,000 Boys Needed in Ontario. Food is the crucial need of the Allies today. In England well-to-do people are standing in line for their food supplies. In France, the bread ration has been reduced. Surely every boy between the ages of 15 and 19 is old enough to realize his grave responsibility in this crisis, and will enrol immediately with the S.O.S. Soldiers of the Soil.

Of course wages will be paid. Boys earned from $12.00 to $30.00 a month and board last season. But the soldiers in the trenches never considered money—they went. You’re made of the same good stuff. You’ll go, too.

Canada Food Board. Ottawa.”


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100 Years Ago: Salvation Army Tag Day, Twenty-Five Thousand Boys Needed for Farm Work, Poster for Tag Day

The Intelligencer March 15, 1918 (page 5)

Salvation Army Tag Day Tomorrow. Buy a tag on Saturday, buy two tags, yes, buy a dozen and cheer the ladies. The boys need your help. A large percentage of the S. A. men have enlisted which is evidenced by depleted numbers at home. The local corps when conscription came had not a man left to be drafted. Mr. T. Adams, the band-master (who by the way was turned down as medically unfit) is now left with a band composed largely of boys and girls who stepped into the ranks to fill up the places of those who had gone overseas.

There are no less than 40,000 to 50,000 Salvationists under arms and in the trenches and camps of Europe. The Salvation Army officers by persevering effort and bright gospel meetings in the huts and elsewhere have led thousands to Christ, and have the support of the Great War Veterans’ Association, and who knows more about the S. A. overseas than the men who have been to the front and seen for themselves.”

The Intelligencer March 15, 1918 (page 7)

“Boys! Canada Wants You to Join Army of Farm Workers. One of Canada’s war discoveries has been the Canadian boy. …  Last year the call for food producers was heard by eight thousand city boys in Ontario alone. In 1916 nearly three thousand responded to the call of duty in the food producing fields. …  Now Canada asks her boys of teen age to bear a hand in the great fight for food. Canada wants an army of 25,000 sturdy, plucky boys of high resolve to set their hands to this work during the coming summer. Complete organization of all Canada for enrolling the boys has been effected. All boys from 15 to 19 years inclusive are eligible for this youthful army.

The work is directly under the Canada Food Board with Mr. Taylor Statten as national superintendent. Mr. Statten has for years been a leader in boys welfare work and his record of success with boys and his Y.M.C.A. work marked him as the man to handle this army of the Soldiers of the Soil.

The week from March 17 to 23 will be enrollment week throughout Canada. High school teachers, Y.M.C.A. secretaries, scoutmasters and others in close contact with boys and boy life will act as enrollment officers. …

This year, in addition to the wages the boys will earn, Canada will present to each fellow who gives three months on farm service, whether he is a city boy, or works on his father’s farm, a bronze badge of honor, which will be as truly a service medal as the one on the khaki tunic of the hero who has been over the top and is home, honorably discharged. This will be a treasured proof in years to come that the owner did his bit, according to his capacity, in the great war.”

The Intelligencer March 15, 1918 (page 10)

“Saturday, March 16th. TAG DAY. Buy a tag and help the Salvation Army along with the good work they have undertaken to do.

(The Beehive) Chas. N. Sulman.”

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