100 Years Ago: Patriotic Fund Payments, Notice from E. Guss Porter

The Intelligencer January 26, 1918 (page 2)

“Contributions to Patriotic Fund. Council resumed at 10 o’clock, Warden Montgomery in the chair. …  Mr. J. Elliott, Manager of the Standard Bank in Belleville addressed the Council in reference to what was being done by the County of Hastings Patriotic Fund.

‘We have now on the list the names of 260 women who are receiving remuneration from this fund,’ said Mr. Elliott. Last year $34,100 was paid out. The total received since the organization commenced was $60,801.65 and the expenditures $60,106.19. The postage last year amounted to $137.90.

The speaker also referred to work of the Belleville Cheese Board in regard to patriotic giving. The work done by the Board cannot be overestimated. The Association at Christmas time send overseas 300 parcels of which number 118 from Tweed. The village of Tweed sends us hundreds of dollars worth of goods, and it does not benefit in our disbursements.”

The Intelligencer January 26, 1918 (page 7)

“Notice. Soldiers and Their Dependents. The time and labor I am obliged to expend in attending to the business of soldiers has become so great that it is seriously interfering with my professional and personal business and I am obliged to arrange so as to avoid this condition as much as possible.

I will devote Friday of each week to the business of soldiers and their dependents and will be obliged if they will call upon me only on that day, when I will be pleased to give them every attention without any charge as I have always done. E. Guss Porter.”


By | January 26th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Enlisted Men Under Eighteen to Be Discharged, $3,000 Each Month for Patriotic Fund, Khaki Club Reopens

The Intelligencer January 25, 1918 (page 1)

“All enlisted men in the C.E.F., who are under 18 years of age will be discharged, according to District Orders. …  From this date no men will be included in drafts for overseas unless over 18 years. In cases of doubt a birth certificate will be procured before attestation.

Drummers and buglers, in accordance with establishment, now enlisted, may be carried under the age of 18 years, but will not be permitted to proceed overseas until they reach the age of 18 years and six months.”

The Intelligencer January 25, 1918 (page 2)

“$3,000 Each Month for the Patriotic Fund from the County Council and More If Necessary. Afternoon Session. Council resumed at 2 o’clock. …  A lengthy communication was read in reference to the Patriotic fund and the necessity of a continuance of the grant.

Mr. Vermilyea thought the council should be generous in this matter and give the same as last year. Mr. Burns endorsed the remarks of Mr. Vermilyea. …  Mr. Walsh moved that the grant be the same this year as last, namely $3,000 per month, but to be increased at the June session if the disbursements exceed that amount. The motion was unanimously adopted.”

The Intelligencer January 25, 1918 (page 8)

“Khaki Club Re-Opens. The cozy quarters of the Khaki Club which in times past have been used with great appreciation by the soldiers quartered in Belleville are once again open and dispensing good cheer and comfort to the soldier boys stationed here who now number 247.

The Khaki Club was formally re-opened for the use of the soldiers for club rooms and recreation purposes on Wednesday evening with a concert and luncheon which was largely attended and very much enjoyed. …

The spacious club rooms nicely furnished have been turned over to the soldiers who take great pride in keeping the rooms spick and span and always ‘homey.’

Miss Sybil and Dorothy Grant, furnished the music for Wednesday evening, and the soldiers had a sing-song. …  Another feature of the evening was a very brief call by Capt. Harper, originator of the club, who has just returned from overseas severely wounded. He was heartily received and welcomed once more to the Khaki Club by the soldiers present. The officials of the Khaki Club served refreshments.”

By | January 25th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Belleville Applies to Sell Fuel and Food, Letters of Sympathy to Private Hogan’s Aunt, Charles Brook Promoted

The Intelligencer January 23, 1918 (page 1)

“The application of Belleville City Council to sell fuel and food was granted by the Ontario Railway and Municipal Board at Toronto. The city was represented by Alderman Parks and Robinson, and City Controller Wills. The latter cited the price charge in Belleville for coal and gave his estimate of costs from which he argued that local dealers were taking too high a profit.

Alderman Robinson complained that the coal was of a very poor quality. Alderman Parks said that a few weeks ago he had been offered coal by Toronto jobbers but now it would be almost impossible to get. He anticipated no difficulty securing a supply for a civic coal yard during the summer months. The city had property upon which the necessary buildings could be erected. A city by-law authorized borrowing $25,000 for a fuel and food depot.

The local coal dealers were represented by Messrs. Belair, Anderson and Downey and the secretary of the Retail Dealers Association. Figures in detail were submitted to the Board by the local dealers to show that the prices charged were not excessive and they vigorously protested the accuracy of the figures presented by local Fuel Controller Wills, which they claimed were not a true statement of the cost of coal, handling and delivery. They also submitted copies of correspondence with the Dominion Fuel Controller to show that they were complying with the regulations in regard to the margin of fifty cents per ton profit permitted.”

The Intelligencer January 23, 1918 (page 3)

“Tribute to the Memory of Pte. W. Hogan Who Made the Supreme Sacrifice. Mrs. Sarah Hogan, 113 College street, has received the following letters in connection with the death of her nephew, Pte. W. Hogan:

‘In the Field, Nov. 1, 1917. To Mrs. J. Hogan, 113 College St., Belleville, Ont. Dear Mrs. Hogan:—It is with deep regret that I inform you of the death of poor William.

He was killed by shell fire yesterday while handling his gun and previous to his being killed showed the greatest of courage and coolness. Pte. W. Hogan was well liked by all of ‘B’ Battery and is deeply mourned by all ranks.

Any information you may require in the near future I will only be too pleased to forward. I am yours in sympathy in our sad loss, E. B. Smith, B.S.M., ‘B’ Battery.’

‘Nov. 2, 1917. Mrs. Sarah Hogan, 113 College St., Belleville, Ont. Dear Mrs. Hogan:—It is with deep regret that I inform you of your nephew’s death. No. 636789, Pte. W. P. Hogan who was killed in action by shell fire on the night of October 29th, death being instantaneous.

Previous to his being killed he showed great courage and coolness firing his gun to the last. ‘B’ Battery and myself, more so being his Section Sergt., has lost one of their best men. All the brigade feel his loss very deeply.

I am yours sincerely in this your sad bereavement, Sergt. D. Frechette.

P.S.—With regards to any information in regards of your nephew I will be pleased to help you.’

‘On Active Service, Nov., 1917. To Mrs. J. Hogan, Dear Madam:—It is with the feelings of the deepest sympathy that I am writing to you regarding the loss of your nephew, Pte. W. P. Hogan.

He died from high explosive concussion while performing his duty with great courage and coolness under the worst possible conditions. I am glad to say that his death was quite instantaneous.

Pte. Hogan was without doubt one of the best men I had the pleasure of commanding. He had been recommended for promotion a few days before the battle. I shall make it my personal duty to have his grave taken care of as well as conditions will allow. I am, Madam, Yours sincerely, W. French, Lieut. O. C. ‘B’ Battery.’

‘Canadian Machine Gun Depot, Crowborough, Sussex, March 7,1917. Concerning Pte. W. P. Hogan, No. 636789.

This is to certify that Pte. Hogan, W. P. has been a Non-Commissioned Officer in this Depot, and has always shown in his work, a high degree of intelligence and efficiency; he has been a Sergeant for the past 12 months and reverted to the ranks at his own request, in order to proceed overseas with his original Section. I can recommend him for an appointment as Sergeant.

F. B. McRae, Major. (O. C. No. 1 Depot Coy.’ ”

The Intelligencer January 23, 1918 (page 7)

“Promotion on Battlefield. Sergt. C. H. Brook, son of Mr. C. H. Brook, of Belleville, is now at Bexhill-on-Sea, England, taking a course of instruction for a commissioned officer. At eighteen years of age Sergt. Brook enlisted as a Private in the 80th Battalion and went overseas.

He has been seventeen months in the trenches and won his stripes on the battlefield, having passed through the heaviest fighting on the Somme, at Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele where his gallantry and soldierly qualities received official attention and he was recommended for a commissioned officer. He is now in England qualifying for his commission, and his many friends will be pleased to learn of the rapid progress he has made.”

By | January 23rd, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Returned Soldiers to Run Farm Tractors, Patriotic Carnival at Arena Rink, Belleville Coal and Wood Yard, Card of Thanks for Carnival Assistance

The Intelligencer January 22, 1918 (page 4)

“Returned soldiers trained as expert operators by the instructors in the vocational training centres of the Military Hospitals Commission, will run the Government tractors on the farms of Ontario next year.

There will be 130 tractors in operation next spring, and men who have done their bit overseas will get the first call providing they have secured the proper training. The course offered by the Commission to the men whose disabilities, incurred in military service, make it necessary for them to learn a new occupation, requires from six to eight months and has been particularly attractive to men who formerly were farmers.

Courses are under way at London, Whitby and Kingston, and 60 tractors have been sent to these centres by the Ontario Department of Agriculture to be overhauled. This action on the part of the provincial government is a boon to the training centres, for while crippled motor cars are fairly easy to secure for practice work in the motor mechanics’ course, tractors are at a premium.”

The Intelligencer January 22, 1918 (page 6)

“Merry Maskers At Arena Rink. Patriotic Carnival Was Great Success. The ladies of the Red Cross and Patriotic Society have reason to feel proud of the complete success of the carnival held by them at the Arena last evening. As soon as the doors were open the crowd began to arrive in all manner of costumes, from the gipsy and Indian maids to the stately old dames and nursing sisters.

When the band commenced the rink presented a very lively spectacle indeed. The fifth and sixth band selections were reserved for those in costume and the judges must have had a difficult task in awarding the prizes, which were given as follows: Ladies’ first won by Mrs. Chadwick, dressed as an Indian woman. Second prize awarded to Miss McLean, who represented Uncle Sam.

Miss I. Tripp, as a trained nurse, wore a very becoming costume and won the first prize given to the girls, while Miss Edith Terrill, who was dressed as ‘Night’ won second prize.

The first prize given to the gentlemen was won by Mr. Alan Hamilton, who was dressed as a lady, and Mr. Galloway, as a flower girl, took second prize.

The prize offered for the most original costume was carried off by Mrs. Williams, who was very appropriately gowned as ‘The Snowman.’

During the evening the booths where coffee and sandwiches were served were well patronized.

The proceeds will be used for buying wool for socks for the boys overseas and the receipts of last night should send many a warm pair to our boys in the trenches.”

The Intelligencer January 22, 1918 (page 7)

“Municipal Coal Yard. Belleville, was yesterday given permission by the Ontario Railway and Municipal Board to engage in the coal and wood business, $12,500 to be invested in each. The city was represented at the Board meeting by Aldermen Robinson and Parks and Mr. Thos. F. Wills, who was recently appointed a fuel controller of the city.”

The Intelligencer January 22, 1918 (page 7)

“Card of Thanks. The Women’s Red Cross and Patriotic Association wish to thank their many friends and co-workers for their kindness in making the carnival of Monday evening the great success it was.

Those who donated were as follows: Mr. Arnott for his most generous gift of the Arena free of all charges. The band for their services which greatly added to the pleasure of all. Mr. Charles Bowell for his courtesy in advertising each evening, also the Ontario. Mr. Cherry for 1000 tickets. The Smith Hardware Co., a stove; Mrs. Jas. Wallace, Mrs. Green, Mrs. Holmes, Mr. Oliphant, Gilbert’s Bakery, Ridley, MacIntosh Bros., Miller & Son, City Council, Panter, Boyle, Strouds and every donation of money.

The donators of prizes: The Ritchie Co., Patterson Co., Haines Co., Vermilyea Co., J. McKeown, Deacon Bros., E. F. Dickens, Woolworth Co., Sinclair and Mrs. Springer.”

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100 Years Ago: Letter from Charles Carson to His Father, Girls Study Remedial Massage

The Intelligencer January 21, 1918 (page 2)

“From Chas. H. Carson. To his father, Mr. Chas. Carson, Belleville Station P.O. My dearest Dad,—Many, many thanks for the delightful parcel, which I received from you yesterday. It was in perfect condition on arriving and the contents were doubly valued because I know they were selected and sent by you.

I am trusting all the time that you are all right. My last was the one Esther wrote for you. I understand all quite clearly so don’t worry, dad, about letters to me. If you could write I fully realize that you would do so; so how would it be to just let things drop in this line, and when you have an opportunity of getting someone to write to me do so. If you will just take good care of yourself and don’t get sick I will look forward to getting home soon; then it will not be necessary to write letters, will it?

I sent a little remembrance from this country to you all. I hope you received it all right. Just four more days before Christmas and the outside appearance looks just like a real Canadian Christmas. There is a thin layer of snow on the ground that fell a few days ago and has been preserved by the frosty weather and the trees are a real picture covered with frost, the nearest thing in appearance to Canada that I have seen since I left. It certainly makes one close his eyes and dream of a real country that he hopes soon to see.

By accounts in the paper I see Borden’s Government has been re-elected. I am certainly glad. It means more to the men over here dad, than the people at home realize. Now I must close, again thanking you for your dear parcel. I am ever, Your loving son, Chas. H. (With kisses and prayers).”

The Intelligencer January 21, 1918 (page 7)

“Eighty girls from all parts of Canada have enlisted with the Military Hospitals Commission to undertake a course of instruction in remedial massage and to serve in a Canadian Military Convalescent Hospital for a year after graduation.

They undergo a course of physical instruction to qualify them for their strenuous occupation and a staff of highly qualified instructors teach them the various subjects required in order to obtain the certificate of a qualified masseuse. The school is situated at Hart House, Toronto.”

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100 Years Ago: Many Officers Returning to Canada, Special College Courses for Returned Soldiers

The Intelligencer January 19, 1918 (page 1)

“Many Officers Are Returning. London. There is seemingly considerable misapprehension regarding the return to Canada of surplus officers, and seeing there are many about to return to Canada the Canadian Associated Press takes the opportunity of giving a statement.

Only officers with overseas service are deemed eligible for employment in the British Isles. This does not apply to officers with special professional or technical qualifications, such as officers of the Railway, Forestry, Medical, Dental, Veterinary or Postal Corps. Any officers removed on the above account if above the rank of lieutenant are permitted to revert if under 35 and fit for general service and recommended as likely to prove efficient as subalterns in the field.

All officers not prepared to revert are being returned. Three months have been allowed departments to comb out such officers. Their places are being filled mostly by casualties from France.

The Canadian Associated Press further learns that some officers, notably married ones, who find it impossible to maintain families on lieutenants’ pay, are unwilling to revert. Their position is appreciated, but if they were allowed to go to France with existing rank they would go over the heads of men who have been there two years or more and much more qualified in the field. The military authorities in France in fact refuse to accept these senior officers.”

The Intelligencer January 19, 1918 (page 4)

“Special College Courses for Returned Soldiers. Canadian colleges and universities are doing much in the work of the rehabilitation of the Canadian soldiers who have returned from the front disabled for further military service and requiring further education to enable them to carry on. …  The advantage and economy in both money and time to be gained by using existing facilities is readily evident. The university plants for technical training are ideal, although the courses have to be adapted to shorter periods of time. …  Courses have been arranged to provide instruction in motor mechanics, machinist work, tool making, pattern making, electrical work and telegraphy.

In some instances the vocational officers have arranged for men to complete arts courses, and in others men who had started to be scientific farmers have been given courses in the Agricultural colleges to complete their training upon their return from the front. In some of the universities courses in mining, drilling and assaying have been offered the men. …

Some of the courses are only of two months duration, but where it is necessary the courses may in rare cases extend over twenty-four months. The men receive pay and allowances as well as tuition during this time.

Our own Albert College is particularly well equipped for the re-education of returned soldiers, and there is every indication that a number of the soldier boys will take advantage of the exceptional facilities available at this splendid seat of learning.”

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100 Years Ago: Report from Thurlow Red Cross, Ad for Cowan’s Cocoa, Letter of Thanks for Christmas Cigarettes

The Intelligencer January 18, 1918 (page 2)

“Splendid Work of Thurlow Red Cross. The last packing was held in Gowsell’s Hall the first Tuesday in December. The different societies were well represented and there was a fine lot of goods to pack. Owing to the holiday it was decided not to have a packing until the first Tuesday in February. It will be an all-day packing with dinner served by the Girls’ Vimy Ridge Club.

Acknowledgments have been received from the Canadian War Contingent Association in London, England, saying the boxes all arrived safely and were so much appreciated. A great many individual letters of thanks have been received from boys who got Christmas boxes and socks.”

The Intelligencer January 18, 1918 (page 5)

“Endurance!—Aerial warfare is playing a most important role in this world war. Without our Aviators the artillery would be blind and useless.

Those who have to endure intense and nerve racking duties need to be primed up and fortified for the occasion. There must be no clog in the smooth running machinery of the human body. Eyes must be clear, brain quick and body normal. In order to meet these necessities proper care must be given to diet. Food must be consumed that is rich in Carbo-Hydrates, Proteins and Fats.

COCOA—when mixed with milk is the ideal food drink to meet these requirements.

For the best and surest results be sure you get Cowan’s Cocoa—’Perfection Brand’ Purest and Best.”

The Intelligencer January 18, 1918 (page 7)

“From Gunner Merrett C. Richardson to Edgar Bateman, 311½ Front St. Dear Edgar:—Many thanks for your box of cigarettes. I happened to be the lucky one in a draw ‘Xmas Day. Oh, how I did enjoy a good smoke on you, and I do love our old Canadian cigarettes. I must say I had a very nice time this ‘Xmas. I have had two in France and this one in England in Hospital, wounded four months ago and getting along very good, two weeks out of bed, will soon be able to fight once more or go back to our dear old Canada.

My home is in Toronto and I left there over two years ago with the 21st C.F.A. Well, I must ring off, hoping you had a happy ‘Xmas and a good old New Year, and many of them. Wishing you the best of health and many, many thanks for your kind thoughts. I don’t know if I am writing to a boy or a man, but God bless you. We are all trying to do our bit, and you are doing the same.

Will close with love and good luck to you. Hoping to hear from you soon. Bye, bye. Yours truly, No. 644524 Gunner C. Richardson, C.F.A., 16th Canadian Hospital, Orphington, Kent. Eng. Ward 4, B. 14.”

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100 Years Ago: Soldiers with Mental Disorders to Be Treated, Girls to Train for Farm Work in Ontario, Letter of Thanks for Christmas Parcels

The Intelligencer January 17, 1918 (page 1)

“Mental Disorders Specially Helped. Ottawa. An arrangement whereby soldiers returning from the front suffering from mental disorders will be treated in the Provincial Hospital for the Insane, was made at a conference between Sir James Lougheed and members of the Military Hospitals Commission and representatives of the various provincial governments. Under the arrangement the provinces which have the medical nursing and administrative organizations, will provide accommodation for the patients, and the Dominion government will pay a certain sum per day for each soldier treated. …

So far some 326 Canadian soldiers have returned to Canada insane, and it is stated that a like number, similarly affected, are in England.”

The Intelligencer January 17, 1918 (page 1)

“Ontario Is Short 7,500 Farm Hands. Toronto. Despite all that the Ontario Government can do to provide farm labor for the coming summer, there will be an estimated shortage of at least 7,500 farm hands, and these men provincial authorities are looking to the Federal Government to supply. …

The Ontario officials will submit the fact that this year 12,000 High School boys will spend their summer on the farm, and that the mobilization of women for farm work will provide several thousands of helpers. In this connection it was announced by Mr. Bailey yesterday that the department of Agriculture had arranged to provide special classes in general farm work for young women who want to do their ‘bit’ this summer.

The plan grew out of a suggestion by a number of university girls who worked on fruit farms last summer, that they would like to help on mixed farms. As a result arrangements were made for the use of Joseph Kilgour’s farm, ‘Sunnybrook,’ and every Saturday until spring arrives a capable instructor will be on hand to teach the girls how to harness and handle horses, do milking and general work around a dairy—in short, everything that they may be called upon to do next summer.

While it is expected that a fair number of returned soldiers will be available for farm work, Government officials are not counting too greatly upon soldiers. A large percentage of the returned men, willing though they might be, are not physically able to stand the heavy summer’s work on the farms. …

The fact that Ontario will be 7,500 men short suggests that the Federal Government will have to take some measures of a radical character, either by calling out drafted men of the lower categories or by shutting down unessential industries in order to provide needed labor.”

The Intelligencer January 17, 1918 (page 7)

“Received Christmas Parcels. Private F. W. Coon, writing from somewhere in France, under date of December 19, to his wife in Belleville, spoke of the joy occasioned in the trenches by the arrival of parcels of Christmas cheer, all of which are generously shared in the spirit of good fellowship. ‘Pals First.’

He received a parcel from home and one from Bridge Street Methodist Church, containing candies, a handkerchief and some sugar. He says it is a great treat to get sugar.

The boys were very well remembered by the ladies of Belleville at Christmas, and each one received a nice parcel. The one received by Private Coon had the names of Mr. O’Flynn and the pastor’s.

The letter notes the success of Union Government and the writer expresses the hope that every available man will be sent overseas as they are badly needed. The weather at the front was cold and the mud frozen, for which the soldiers were profoundly grateful.”

By | January 17th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Veterans May Work on Farms

The Intelligencer January 16, 1918 (page 1)

“Ontario May Use Veterans on Farms. Toronto. Sir William Hearst made the important announcement that the Government was seriously considering utilizing returned soldiers on the farm to a considerable extent next summer. This will likely mean that 5,000 returned soldiers will go out on the farms next summer and not only help increased production but also hasten their own convalescence. …

Secretary William Turley, of the Ontario branch of the Great War Veterans’ Association, who has been taking the matter up with the Government, states that at the rate the soldiers are now returning there will be from seven to ten thousand soldiers available for farm work, but these will not be able to do all the work required of farm help.”


By | January 16th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments

100 Years Ago: Memorial Service for Lieut. Murray, Ad for Wrigley’s, Memorial Service for Marson Hitchon

The Intelligencer January 14, 1918 (page 6)

“Memorial Service for Lieut. Murray. A memorial service was conducted last evening at St. Thomas’ Church by the Ven. Archdeacon Beamish for the late Flight Lieut. William Douglas Gillespie Murray, son of Mr. John W. Murray, manager of the Dominion Bank branch at Belleville. The young aviator had barely passed his eighteenth birthday and was only overseas a short time on active service with the Royal Flying Corps when he was wounded, death resulting on January 3, 1918.

The young Flight-Lieutenant was a member of St. Thomas’ Church; he was born in June 1899, at Belleville, baptized in October of the same year and confirmed on Whitsunday, 1915. He started training as an aviator at Toronto last summer and went overseas in the fall. …

Fifty boys and girls from the High School, playmates and schoolmates of the aviator who has laid his young life on the altar of his country, attended the service, and at their comrade’s death, but proud for his achievement and heroic sacrifice.

The beautiful Anglican service for the dead was conducted with appropriate hymns and organ selections by Prof. Wheatley and the choir, while a Requiem solo was sweetly sung by Miss Mildred Fagan.”

The Intelligencer January 14, 1918 (page 6)

“Wrigley’s With the land forces and with the fleet. Wrigley’s gives solace in the long watch, it freshens and refreshes, steadies nerves, allays thirst, helps appetite and digestion.

‘After every meal’ The Flavour Lasts. Keep your boy supplied.”

The Intelligencer January 14, 1918 (page 7)

“Memorial Service. Despite the severe stormy weather prevailing on Sunday night a large congregation assembled at the John Street Presbyterian Church in this city, where a memorial service was held for the late Private Marston Hitchon, who recently died from wounds received while on active service. A number of the members of the Great War Veterans Association were present in addition to many in khaki.

The pastor, Rev. D. C. Ramsay, conducted the services and preached an appropriate discourse, referring to Pte. Hitchon, whose death removed a young man who was a member of the church, and took an active part in church and Sunday School work. His loss was deeply mourned by all who knew the brave young man. During the service the choir rendered in an effective manner the hymn ‘Crossing the Bar.’

Pte. Marston Hitchon was a son of Mr. Joseph Hitchon of this city, and enlisted and went overseas with the 155th Battalion. He had been in France but a short time when he was fatally wounded. Marston had the graceful manner of a true gentleman and also ability. He was a graduate of the Belleville High School, at which seat of learning he was a general favorite. In sports he excelled, capturing the junior championship in 1914 and intermediate in 1915.”

[Note: Private Marson Hosie Hitchon died on August 2, 1917. He is commemorated on Page 256 of the First World War Book of Remembrance.]

By | January 14th, 2018|Intelligencer WW1 Local News|0 Comments