Nurses of World War I: Nonie Winnifred Milburn

Nonie Winnifred Milburn was born at Belleville on September 7, 1873 daughter of Edward Milburn and Isabella Benjamin. The father of our subject was a teacher and served as principal of the Belleville High School from 1894 to 1908; he was a life-long friend of Sir William Osler. She lived with her parents at 216 Charles Street and maintained that address for the duration.

House at 216 Charles Street, Belleville

She was educated locally and was probably a graduate of the Nursing School at the Dr. John Lee Private Hospital in Rochester, N.Y. about 1909; following graduation she remained in the employ of the Hospital.

Miss Milburn enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on February 19, 1917 at Kingston.

Height: 5’ 4”

Weight:  142lb

Age: 43 (stated age: 33)

Nursing Sister Milburn served in military hospitals in England including Westenhanger, Brighton, Buxton and Shorncliffe and at St. Claud, France. Here she was bothered by recurrent sciatica and was hospitalized for treatment and later treated for influenza at Kinmel Park Medical Hospital. She returned to Canada setting sail aboard the S.S. Celtic on July 3, 1919 and was discharged on July 15, 1919. Miss Milburn worked at the Belleville Hospital for some years after her return.

Nonie Winnifred Milburn died at Kingston on February 20, 1963 aged 89 years 5 months 13 days. She is interred at the Belleville Cemetery Section K Row 7 Grave 3.

By | July 12th, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments

Nurses of World War I: Minnie Pearl McBride

Minnie Pearl McBride was born at the farm house near Selby, Camden East on February 18, 1891 daughter of Nelson McBride and Elizabeth Waddell.

She was educated locally, moved with her family to Humboldt, Saskatchewan in 1907 and graduated from the Nursing School at Belleville in 1914. There were seven in her graduating class for a total of sixty graduates to date. Miss McBride enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on May 5, 1915.

Height:  5’ 6”

Weight:  N/A

Age: 24

Nursing Sister McBride served in the military hospitals at Étaples and Étretat, France before becoming disabled and invalided to England in September 1915. Miss McBride resigned her commission on January 21, 1916 and returned to Canada. She was united in marriage to Frederick Neelin at Selby on October 1, 1916 and resided at 28 Chamberlain Avenue in Toronto.

Minnie Pearl Neelin’s house in Toronto

Mr. Neelin died in 1937 and Minnie continued to work for over 20 years as a nurse; later she lived the retired life in Belleville.

Minnie Pearl Neelin died in Belleville on September 12, 1985 aged 94 years 6 months 24 days. She is interred at Prospect Cemetery in Toronto, Section 23, Lot 106.

Neelin headstone in Prospect Cemetery

By | June 30th, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments

Nurses of World War I: Hattie May Mastin

Hattie May Mastin was born at Deseronto on July 31, 1888 daughter of Melbourne Mastin and Jane Bruin.

She was educated locally, moved with her family to Belleville about 1908 and began her professional career as a clerk working at McIntosh Brothers; she was living with her family at 242 George Street prior to the War. Miss Mastin was a graduate of the Nursing School at Belleville in 1915 and enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on January 9, 1916 at Kingston.

242 George Street, Belleville

Height:  5’ 6”

Weight:  138lb

Age: 27 (stated age: 26)

Nursing Sister Mastin served with the military hospital in Belleville for seven weeks, then with the No. 7 Canadian General Hospital at Le Treport, France; she was admitted to the Sister’s Convalescent Home in Hardelot in October 1916 for treatment of pleurodynia and later served in England. Hattie returned to Canada setting sail on July 5, 1919 aboard the S.S. Carmania and was discharged on July 15, 1919. She engaged in private duty nursing in Belleville, was employed at St. Mary’s Hospital in Rochester, Minnesota and then engaged in private duty nursing in California. Widowed by the death of her husband Bruce Gould in 1945, she was united in marriage to Byrne McLennan on April 15, 1953.

Hattie May McLennan died at Oshawa on January 2, 1968 aged 79 years 5 months 1 day. She is interred at the Belleville Cemetery Section N, Row 14 Grave 37.

 

By | June 23rd, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments

Nurses of World War I: Edna MacLachlan

Edna Estella Thompson was born at Whitby on October 16, 1881 daughter on James Thompson and Ethel Conant; she was orphaned early and raised by her aunt Louisa in Clarenceville, Missisquoi, Quebec.

She was educated locally and graduated from the Nursing School in Belleville in June 1903 as the Gold Medalist. During her time in Belleville, ‘Stell’ lived with Aunt Edna Mary (Conant) Caldwell at 255 Bridge Street East (see her Journal).

255 Bridge Street East, Belleville

Miss Thompson was united in marriage to Donald MacLachlan in September 1904 in Brooklyn, New York. Here Mrs. MacLachlan worked at the Manhattan Hospital and raised her family but within a few years removed to work in Montreal, estranged from her husband. On June 30, 1915 she graduated from the Divisional School of Military Instruction at Quebec City and enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on August 31, 1915 in Montreal.

Height:  5’ 5”

Weight:  136lb

Age: 33 (stated age:29)

Nursing Sister MacLachlan left Canada on September 24, 1915 to England and then on to France where she served at the Canadian Clearing Station, saw much action coming under fire on several occasions. In recognition of her bravery in remaining on duty during several bombing raids, Lieutenant MacLachlan was awarded the Croix de Guerre with Palms by the French government; she was also honoured by the British and was presented at Buckingham Palace.

Hand-tinted photograph of nurses picking poppies. Edna MacLachlan is second from left. Courtesy of the Costume Museum of Canada

Mrs. Maclachlan returned to Canada setting sail on September 6, 1919 aboard the S.S. Orduna and was discharged on September 16, 1919. Her husband enlisted and served with the Seaforth Highlanders of the Canadian Expeditionary Force; reunited after the War the couple lived in Toronto and in 1973 she removed to live with her son in Wiarton, Ontario.

Edna Estella MacLachlan died on October 31, 1976 aged 95 years 15 days. She is interred at the Bayview Cemetery, Wiarton, Block R Section 107 Lot #1.

MacLachlan headstone in Wiarton, Ontario.

By | June 16th, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments

Nurses of World War I: Marguerite Merle Lazier

Marguerite Merle Lazier was born at Belleville on July 2, 1891 daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Lazier and Matilda Starling. The father of our subject was an officer in the 15th Battalion and was in command of a company of volunteers in the Northwest to do duty in the Riel Rebellion. At the turn of the century, the family resided at 219 Charles Street. Miss Lazier was aunt to Gwen Lazier, the ‘horsewoman’.

219 Charles Street, Belleville

She was educated locally and was a graduate of an unknown Nursing School about 1914. Miss Lazier enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on August 10, 1916 at Kingston.

Height:  5’ 1”

Weight:  110lb

Age: 25

Nursing Sister Lazier was stationed at Salonica, Greece where she nursed the wounded and after some months was transferred to Shorncliffe, England. She was hospitalized and treated for colitis, a condition that recurred over the course of several months. She was allowed to resign her commission on October 1, 1917 having been recently united in marriage to Captain Wilfred Tyrer, M.D. Mrs. Tyrer returned to Canada setting sail in July 1919 aboard the S.S. Carmania and the couple established themselves at Moosonee, Ontario where Dr Tyrer, a graduate of the University of Toronto in 1914, set up his medical practice and served as an Indian Agent. After her husband died in 1940 she lived the retired life in Chatham, Ontario with her daughter.

Marguerite Merle Tyrer died on December 12, 1975 aged 84 years 5 months 10 days. She is interred at the Barrie Union Cemetery.

By | June 9th, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments

Nurses of World War I: Stella May Jenkins

Stella May Jenkins was born at Belleville on November 20, 1881 daughter of John Jenkins and Mary Sullivan. The family lived at 142 Church Street.

House at 142 Church Street, Belleville

She was educated locally and was a graduate of the Nursing School at St. Luke’s Hospital in Utica, New York about 1906. Here she continued to practice her profession until she enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on January 6, 1916 in Kingston.

Height:  5’ 9”

Weight:  150lb

Age: 34

Nursing Sister Jenkins sailed for England in March 1916 with the Queen’s University Unit of Nursing Sisters and was first attached to the Duchess of Connaught Hospital on Lady Astor’s Estate; after four months Miss Jenkins was sent to the Canadian Hospital at Le Tréport, France following which she was transferred to Etaples near Boulogne. Sir Douglas Haig, commander of the British forces, commended her for conspicuous bravery, an honour which resulted in her being awarded England’s Laurel Leaf; at an outdoor investiture at Buckingham Palace at the end of the war she was personally decorated by King George with the Royal Red Cross First Class Medal. Miss Jenkins returned to Canada setting sail on July 5, 1919 aboard the S.S. Carmania, was assigned to the Queen’s Military Hospital and was discharged on October 16, 1919. Nurse Jenkins returned to Utica where she served as Director of the Utica Red Cross and in 1942 was awarded the Business and Professional Club of Utica’s Scroll of Achievement Award.

Stella May Jenkins died at St. Luke’s Hospital in Utica on March 23, 1954 aged 72 years 4 months 3 days. She is interred at the Belleville Cemetery Section D Row 11 Grave 4.

By | June 3rd, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments

Nurses of World War I: Lenora Herrington

Lenora Herrington was born at the farm house near Ameliasburgh, Prince Edward County on July 17, 1873 daughter of Stillman Herrington and Caroline Morden. Her father later established himself at his farm in Belleville on the south side of Bridge Street West, opposite Sinclair Street.

Herrington property in Ameliasburgh

She was educated locally and was a graduate of the Nursing School at the Winnipeg General Hospital in 1912. Miss Herrington enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on May 5, 1915 at Kingston.

Height: 5’ 5”

Weight:  160lb

Age: 41 (stated age: 40)

Nursing Sister Herrington served in military hospitals in England and Etaples, France; on September 24, 1918 she was one of the first Canadian women to receive the Military Medal. She was Night Superintendent of No. 1 Canadian General Hospital on the night of the raid in June 1918 and was largely responsible by her personal example of courage for the maintenance of discipline and efficiency throughout that awful night; only 9 such medals were awarded to nurses. This was an exceptional recognition coming so soon after suffragettes had been marching on the streets for women’s rights and when military authorities had no vision that women would ever come under enemy fire. Miss Herrington returned to Canada setting sail on May 23, 1919 aboard the S.S. Megantic and was discharged on December 31, 1919. After the War she nursed at Sydenham Hospital, a military institution in Kingston and when the hospital burned down went to California for some time. She lived the retired life in Napanee with her brother Walter Stevens Herrington, a prominent lawyer at 220 Dundas Street West.

220 Dundas Street West, Napanee

Lenora Herrington died in Kingston on November 16, 1960 aged 87 years 3 months 29 days. She is interred at the Riverside Cemetery in Napanee Section C2.

Herrington headstone in Napanee

 

By | May 26th, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments

Nurses of World War I: Mary Hele Hambly

Mary Hele Hambly was born in Belleville on October 29, 1885 daughter of Philip Hambly and Mary Mayo. Lieutenant-Colonel Hambly, the father of our subject, was a confectioner and caterer and served with the 49th Battalion, Hastings Rifles, Belleville during the Fenain Raid of 1864.

Miss Hambly was educated locally and when she was eighteen travelled to Philadelphia where her brother Charles worked as a retail jeweler; here she studied at the Nursing School and graduated about 1908. She worked at the Philadelphia hospital but at the outbreak of War enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on May 5, 1915 at Kingston.

Height: 5′ 6″

Weight: 115lb

Age: 29 (stated age: 28)

Nursing Sister Hambly served at the Military Hospital in Etaples, France and at several hospitals in England. She suffered illnesses during her service and required hospitalization on many occasions with diagnoses including influenza, neurasthenia, pleurisy and gastroenteritis. From the Belleville Intelligencer July 22, 1916: “She was one of the first to enlist and serve, and her skill and enthusiastic work have earned her official commendation”. Miss Hambly was awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class on October 23, 1917. She returned to Canada on June 14, 1919 setting sail aboard the S.S. Aquitania and was discharged on June 22, 1919; she lived with her parents at 237 Ann Street.

After the War Miss Hambly immigrated to the United States on April 16, 1920 and was united in marriage on November 25, 1926 to James Young at Los Angeles, California.

Mary Hele Young died at Santa Ana, California on November 1, 1929 aged 44 years 2 days. She is interred at the Riverside Cemetery, California.

By | May 19th, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments

Nurses of World War I: Lilly Naomi Gray

Lilly Naomi Gray was born at Beaurepaire, Quebec on October 29, 1881 daughter of George Gray and Jeanie Heron.

She was educated locally, was a graduate of the Nursing School at the Montreal General Hospital on January 6, 1913 and received her Certificate of Military Instruction from the Divisional School of Instruction on March 29, 1915 at Quebec City. Miss Gray enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on April 22, 1915 at Montreal.

Height:  5’ 5”

Weight: 125lb

Age: 33 (stated age: 31)

Nursing Sister Gray served at military hospitals in Etaples and Camiers, France and later at Shorncliffe and Eastbourne, England; she was awarded the Royal Red Cross award, 2nd Class in June 1918. She returned to Canada setting sail on February 8, 1919 aboard the S.S. Metagama and was discharged on March 4, 1919. Miss Gray subsequently worked at the Tuberculosis Sanatorium in Fort Qu’Appelle, Saskatchewan, at the Contagious Disease Hospital in Philadelphia and was on staff of the Henry Street Settlement in New York City. Later she served with the Victorian Order of Nurses in Montreal and Renfrew and in 1928 was appointed as Superintendent of the Order in Belleville before removing to Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Lilly Naomi Gray died in Ottawa on February 19, 1967 aged 85 years 3 months 20 days. She is interred with her parents at the Mount Royal Cemetery in Montreal Section E, Lot 183. There is no grave marker for Lilly.

Grave marker for Lilly’s parents in Mount Royal Cemetery, Montreal

 

By | May 12th, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments

Nurses of World War I: Mary Graham

Mary Graham was born at the farm house near Elmvale, Simcoe County on February 7, 1887 daughter of Richard Graham and Agnes Ritchie.

Mary attended the local schools where she completed grade 9, worked on the family farm and then worked as a nanny for a minister in Toronto. She was a graduate of the Nursing School at the Montreal Western Hospital in 1913 and enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on April 14, 1915 at Quebec.

Nurse Graham in France

Height:  5’ 4”

Weight:  130lb

Age: 28 (stated age: 27)

Nursing Sister Graham served at the Imperial Stationary Hospital and Canadian General Hospital in Rouen and Étaples, France and in December 1917 was transferred to the West Cliff Eye and Ear Hospital in Folkestone, England; here she was admitted in March 1918 for treatment of influenza. During her time in France Miss Graham met a theology student and non-commissioned soldier, Alexander Archibald, with whom she was united in marriage on March 12, 1919 at Basingstoke, England. He had risen to the rank of Captain, was wounded at the Battle of Cambrai and suffered an amputation of his right leg. Mrs. Archibald returned to Canada setting sail on March 25, 1919 aboard the S.S. Scotian and was discharged on April 18, 1919.

Alexander Archibald and Mary Graham

Captain Archibald required convalescence at the Christie Street Hospital in Toronto following which he trained as a teacher at the Ontario College of Education. In 1925 they moved to Belleville where he taught at the old Belleville High School and the new Belleville Collegiate Institute and Vocational School. Mary served as a nurse at the Red Cross Blood Donor Clinic, helped organize the Young Women’s Guild and was a member of the School for Leisure, an organization which helped women in strained circumstances learn to keep house. They resided at 180 Dufferin Avenue.

180 Dufferin Avenue, Belleville

Mary Archibald died at Belleville on June 28, 1984 aged 97 years 4 months 21 days. She is interred at the Belleville Cemetery Section G Row 8 Grave 17.

Grave marker for Mary Graham

By | May 5th, 2018|Nurses of WW1, World War 1|0 Comments